Students interested in the evolution of life on Earth can take this minor in association with degrees from any field of Green Leafstudy across the university. Fundamental courses include historical geology, invertebrate paleontology and vertebrate paleontology.

This has been designated a Green Leaf program.


Eight credits of coursework must be unique to the minor. For policies governing all minors, see AP.5.3.4 Minors.

Banner Code: PLEO

Minor Requirements

Total credits: 18-21

This is a Green Leaf program.

Students should refer to the Admissions & Policies tab for specific policies related to this program.

Students must successfully complete the following coursework with a minimum GPA of 2.00. 

Required Core

GEOL 102
GEOL 104
Historical Geology (Mason Core)
and Historical Geology Laboratory (Mason Core)
GEOL 312Invertebrate Paleontology4
GEOL 334Vertebrate Paleontology4
or BIOL 334 Vertebrate Paleontology
Total Credits12


Many of the courses below have additional prerequisites beyond the required core courses above; please check the individual courses carefully.

Select two courses from the following:6-9
Sedimentary Geology
Marine Geology
Foundations of Ecology and Evolution
Comparative Chordate Anatomy
Invertebrate Zoology
Applied Ecology
BIOL 470
Marine Mammal Biology and Conservation
Biogeography: Space, Time, and Life
Total Credits6-9