College Code: PP

The Schar School of Policy and Government prepares undergraduate and graduate students to be leaders who advance the public good in the private, public, and nonprofit sectors. Through research and education in policy, government, and international affairs, Schar allows Mason to more effectively serve the region, Commonwealth, nation, and world.

The Schar faculty combines original research with real-world experience to connect theory and practice for the benefit of students and wider constituencies. The School employs approximately 80 full-time faculty members across a wide range of disciplines, including political science, public administration, international relations, economics, management, geography, engineering, sociology, anthropology, and law. Schar is a major research unit of the University, with approximately $2 million per year in sponsored funding. Schar faculty members frequently advise governments, companies, and non-profit organizations, appear in the national and international media, and participate in public debates on critical issues of the day.

Schar offers two undergraduate majors, nine master's degree programs, three doctoral programs, and a range of undergraduate minors and graduate certificates. Collectively, these programs enroll approximately 2000 students. Schar offers classes on Mason's Fairfax and Arlington campuses, and its faculty members have offices on both campuses.

Undergraduate Programs

Schar offers two degrees for students interested in political science, government, and international relations: a BA in Government and International Politics and a BS in Public Administration. Majors in Government and International Politics take core courses in American political institutions, the political systems of other countries, and international relations. Students can focus their electives to earn a concentration in American institutions and processes, comparative politics, international political economy, international relations, law, philosophy and governance, political analysis, political behavior and identity politics, public policy, or a higher credit concentration in Philosophy, Politics, and Economics. Majors in public administration and policy take courses in government, management, policy, and administration. Concentrations are offered in administration and management, economic policy analysis, international political economy, nonprofit management, public policy, and US government institutions.

Students have an opportunity to do internships as part of their degree programs, gaining valuable work experience while earning academic credit.

Honors in the Major

Highly qualified students majoring in Government and International Politics and Public Administration may pursue advanced work leading to graduation with honors in the major. Those students selected for participation in this program take a two-course sequence: GOVT 491 Honors Seminar (Mason Core) and GOVT 496 Directed Readings and Research. To graduate with honors in the major, students must complete these courses with a minimum GPA of 3.50.

Minors

Schar offers minors in American government, international/comparative studies, international security, legal studies, and public policy and management. In addition, faculty from the School coordinate or participate in the Asia-Pacific and Northeast Asian Studies Minor, Global Systems Minor, Latin American Studies Minor, Middle East Studies Minor, Islamic Studies Minor, and Urban and Suburban Studies Minor. It participates with the Philosophy Department in the Political Philosophy Minor and with the Communications Department in the Political Communication Minor (CHSS). See Minors and Interdisciplinary Minors below.

Bachelor's/Accelerated Master's Programs

The School offers qualified undergraduates in any major the opportunity to apply to several accelerated master's degree programs. If accepted, students will earn both an undergraduate and a graduate degree after satisfactory completion of 150 credits, sometimes within five years. More information about the degree options and application process may be found here.

Graduate Programs

Schar offers three doctoral degree programs and a number of master's degree programs, as well as numerous graduate certificate programs. Specific information on each program may be found by clicking the "Programs" tab at the top of this page.

The Schar School of Policy and Government and the Antonin Scalia Law School offer a joint JD/MPP degree program in law and public policy studies. For more information, go to the website.

Research Centers

The Schar School of Policy and Government's research centers focus on a wide range of issues and areas.

Center for Energy Science and Policy

Co-Directors:  Richard Kauzlarich, PhD and Paul R. Houser, PhD

This center, a joint initiative of the College of Science and Schar School, provides objective analysis of key issues in the energy field that is grounded in original research. It serves as a center of gravity for the many researchers at George Mason whose work engages them with these issues and connects them with decision-makers in the economy, society, and government.

Center for Entrepreneurship and Public Policy

Director: Zoltan Acs, PhD

Economic development policy has shifted dramatically from a business and industry attraction strategy to a more entrepreneurial approach. The Center for Entrepreneurship and Public Policy focuses on entrepreneurship policy research and program delivery, offering programs in research, collaboration, and analysis.

Center for Global Policy

Director: Jack Goldstone, PhD

This center conducts research on a wide range of global policy issues, including foreign trade, democratization and state-building, and transnational networks. It also analyzes specific policy issues for a variety of government agencies, and develops and serves as the home to several major cross-national databases for global policy.

Center for Microeconomic Policy Research

Director:  John Earle, PhD

This center is a forum for policy-relevant research using micro-economic and micro-econometric methods.

Center for Regional Analysis

Director: Terry Clower, PhD

Focusing on economic development in technologically intensive regions, the Center for Regional Analysis (CRA) maintains a corporate technology database for the national capital region. The CRA provides economic forecasting services to government agencies at all levels around the world.

Center for Science and Technology Policy

Director: David M. Hart, PhD

This center helps facilitate the exchange of information and ideas among the worldwide science, foreign affairs, trade, and technology communities. Areas of emphasis include international trade and science and technology.

Center for Security Policy Studies

Acting Director:  Michael Hunzeker, PhD

Today's security challenges--from proliferation and terrorism to climate change and cyber security-- are beyond the scope of any one nation-state to address.  Finding solutions requires international and multi-lateral cooperation among regional and global leaders, both state-based and outside the state, including corporate and non-governmental actors.  The purpose of the Center for Security Policy Studies is to strengthen global strategic thinking by current and future policy-makers, so as to improve US and global security in the 21st century.

Center for the Study of International Medical Policies and Practices

Director: Arnauld Nicogossian, MD

This center provides leadership and focus on global medical and public health policies and processes, working collaboratively with health, science, and medical organizations in the public and private sectors, and academic organizations to address pressing global policy concerns.

Center for Transportation Public-Private Partnership Policy

Director:  Jonathan L. Gifford, PhD

The Center is devoted to advancing the objective consideration of public-private partnerships for transportation system renewal and expansion through research, education and public service.  The Center supports development of U.S. and international case studies of P3 projects and programs, analyses of the impact of P3s, sponsors workshops and conferences, and supports graduate students and faculty.

Centers on the Public Service

Directors:  Paul L. Posner, PhD;  Alan J. Abramson, PhD;  Frank H. Shafroth, JD

The Centers on the Public Service have been established to help the public sector address emerging challenges that are unprecedented in both scope and complexity. All levels of government, as well as nonprofits and contractors, are under greater pressure to deliver more with fewer resources. The three centers can play important roles through providing training, conducting research, and promoting much needed collaboration across the many officials involved in governance today.

International Center for Applied Studies in Information Technology

Director: Stephen Ruth, PhD

The International Center for Applied Studies in Information Technology (ICASIT) is a consulting group dedicated to delivering the power of the Internet to businesses, underserved markets, and developing countries. ICASIT has contracts in more than 20 countries.

Terrorism, Transnational Crime and Corruption Center

Director:  Louise I. Shelley, PhD

The Terrorism, Transnational Crime and Corruption Center (TraCCC) is the first center in the United States devoted to understanding the links among terrorism, transnational crime and corruption. The center teaches, researches and formulates policy on these critical issues.  TraCCC accomplishes its mission through international research partnerships engaging in fundamental and applied research projects. Research addresses such diverse concerns as national security, economic development and human rights.

School Faculty

Professors

Abramson, Acs, Button, Clower, Conant, Conlan, Dinan, Dudley, Dueck, Earle, Fuller, Gifford, Goldstone, Hart, Hughes Hallett, Katz, Malawer, Mandaville, McNeely, Pfiffner, Posner, Regan, Reinert, Rhodes, Root, Rozell, Ruth, Shelley, Slavov, Sockett, Thatchenkery, Travis, Wan, Wedel

Associate Professors

Addleson, Anacker, Arias, Auerswald, Balint, Burt, Haddad, Koblenz, Koizumi, Listokin, Lopez-Santana, Mayer, McGlinchey, Miller, Schintler, Sommer, Thrall, Toepler, Victor, Zolnik

Assistant Professors

Butt, Gest, Hunzeker, Marvel, McGrath, Ouagrham-Gormley, Pham, Scherer, Terman, Washington

Research and Term Faculty

Burroughs, Daigle, Deitz, Edner, El Shazli, Hayden, Kauzlarich, LaPorte, Malur, Nicogossian, Schneider, Shafroth, Srikantia, Stabile, Walker

Policies for Undergraduate Students

Students should become familiar with the university's Academic Policies in addition to those specific to each academic unit.

The undergraduate degree consists of coursework in four areas: (a) Mason Core requirements, (b) School requirements for the Schar school, (c) requirements specified for the chosen major, and (d) electives. All students must complete 120 credits, of which at least 45 must be in upper-level courses (numbered 300 and above). At least one course at the 300 or 400 level must be designated "writing intensive." In Schar, GOVT 490 Synthesis Seminar (Mason Core) or GOVT 491 Honors Seminar (Mason Core) will satisfy this requirement.

The School requirements, (b) above, are the same as the additional requirements for the College of Humanities and Social Sciences. For the BA in Government and International Politics, there is one class in Philosophy or Religion, one additional class in social and behavioral science, one class in non-Western culture, and demonstrated foreign language proficiency at the intermediate level. Students should consult the Mason Core and CHSS requirements page for more detailed information.

All students are responsible for meeting with their academic advisor, and reviewing their transcripts and degree audits regularly to ensure that they are correct and meet all their requirements. Transfer students are encouraged to meet with their academic advisor prior to registering for classes to review their transcripts and course equivalencies. In some cases, students may need to earn more than 120 credits to complete all of their requirements.

Students with questions about exceptions to academic policies and about School requirements should contact Schar Undergraduate Student Services (Robinson Hall, Room A201; 703-993-1400; gvip@gmu.edu or puad@gmu.edu).

Additional policy information and forms are available on the Schar website.

Registration

Students are personally responsible for correctly registering for courses and paying all tuition and fees by the official university registration and payment deadlines. All students should verify the accuracy of their enrollment before the end of the official add period.

Academic Load

Students should review AP.1.2 Academic Load.

In order to be considered for a credit overload, students must fulfill all of the following criteria:

  • Be in good academic standing
  • Have completed the prior semester with a GPA of 2.33 or higher
  • Have a cumulative GPA of 2.33 or higher
  • Have demonstrated in prior semesters at Mason the ability to handle an increased and demanding courseload while maintaining high performance
  • Have no remaining incompletes (INs) from a previous semester

Freshmen and transfer students in their first semesters are not given permission for overloads as they have yet to establish an academic record at George Mason University.

If approved for an overload, the student is responsible for adding the additional class(es) and paying for the related tuition by the official university deadlines.

Excluded Courses and Credits

Physical Education (PHED); Parks, Recreation, and Leisure Studies (PRLS); and Recreation (RECR) activity courses cannot be used for credit for a degree in the Schar school.

Only Military Science (MLSC) courses at the 400-level can be used for credit for a degree in the School; credit for other MLSC courses may not be applied toward a degree in the School.

Once matriculated at Mason, students may not take CLEP exams and apply credits from those exams to degrees in the School. Students may apply credits from CLEP exams to degrees in the School only if those credits were awarded and reported prior to admission.

University Consortium

Students should review university policies regarding the University Consortium under Special Registration Procedures in the Academic Policies section of this catalog. Students who have attempted or failed a course at Mason are not permitted to take the equivalent course through the consortium under any circumstances. All consortium registration requests must be submitted to the Schar Undergraduate Student Services office at least 3 weeks prior to the first day of classes for the relevant semester at Mason.

Permission to Study at Another Regionally-Accredited U.S. Institution

Once enrolled in degree status at Mason, students with fewer than 60 hours of transfer coursework (not including registration through the Consortium of Universities of the Washington Metropolitan Area or coursework completed through Mason Study Abroad) may take up to 8 hours of coursework in Schar disciplines at another institution. Students with 60 or more hours of transfer coursework are not permitted to take additional coursework in Schar disciplines at another institution. A student may seek permission for additional hours beyond these limits for summer registration if his/her permanent residence is more than 50 miles from the George Mason University Fairfax campus. See the university Permission to Study Elsewhere policy for additional information.

Study Abroad

In order to be considered for study through Mason Study Abroad, students must plan well in advance and receive prior, written permission from the Assistant Dean. Students must also meet all of the following criteria:

  • Meet all eligibility requirements for their program as specified by Mason Study Abroad including course prerequisites and minimum GPA.
  • Have completed the immediately preceding semester at Mason with a minimum GPA of 2.00.
  • Have completed the necessary forms and have obtained all required signatures and course equivalencies.

Students in danger of probation, suspension, or dismissal should plan very carefully before requesting to study abroad. Students who are not in good academic standing will not be permitted to study abroad.

Leave of Absence

All undergraduate students who are planning an absence from George Mason must submit a formal request for Leave of Absence to the Office of the University Registrar. Students do not need to complete the Leave of Absence form if they are participating in a George Mason University sponsored study abroad program or have received permission to study elsewhere.

The maximum time allowed for a Leave of Absence is two years. A new admission application will be required if a Leave of Absence extends beyond two years. If a Leave of Absence form was not submitted, a new admission application will be required if a student misses two graded semesters, excluding the summer term. Re-admission is not guaranteed. See Academic Policies for full university policy.

Withdrawals

Students should review the Withdrawal section in the Academic Policies section of this catalog. Courses for which a withdrawal is approved receive a grade of "W."

Students should be aware of the potential consequences of withdrawing on their academic standing. Although credits graded "W" do not affect a student's GPA, they do count towards the total attempted hours. The total attempted hours and cumulative GPA together determine a student's academic standing. These are explained in the Academic Standing section of Academic Policies.

Academic Clemency

Students should review the university policies regarding academic clemency in the Academic Standing section of Academic Policies.

To be considered for clemency, students must meet all of the following criteria:

  • Be absent from George Mason for a minimum of three consecutive calendar years.
  • Provide a detailed explanation for why they were unsuccessful in those courses and how they have made changes to ensure their academic progress upon their return.
  • Submit their request within 12 months of the first day of the re-enrollment term.
  • Complete at least 6 credits during their first 12 months back at George Mason.
  • Earn a minimum GPA of 2.50 each semester back prior to making the clemency request with no individual grade below 2.00.

If the last three minimum academic requirements are not met, clemency will not be allowed under any circumstances.

Appeals Process

Undergraduate students may appeal decisions concerning academic actions to the Schar Office of Undergraduate Student Services. They may appeal decisions of the Office of Undergraduate Student Services to the Associate Dean. Students may appeal decisions of the Associate Dean to the Associate Provost, Undergraduate Academic Affairs and Programs. Students who feel that the School's appeal process was conducted unfairly may appeal to the Provost's Office as specified in the Academic Policies section of this catalog.

The grade appeal process occurs at the Dean's Council level as discussed above.

Students should file all appeals in a timely manner, usually within the semester in which the original decision is rendered, but no later than the final day of classes of the following semester.

Second Bachelor's Degree

Students should review the university policies regarding second bachelor's degrees in the Undergraduate Admission Policies and in Academic Policies/ Requirements for Undergraduate Programs sections of the catalog. Students pursuing a second bachelor's degree concurrently with their first bachelor's degree at Mason must meet all the additional requirements for the School (see second paragraph of the Policies for Undergraduate Students section) if they differ from the requirements in the School or College of their first major.

Students pursuing a second bachelor's degree in the School after already having received one or more bachelor's degrees are considered to have met all of the Mason Core requirements. Students pursuing a Bachelor of Science degree do not have additional School-level requirements. Students pursuing a Bachelor of Arts degree in the School must complete these additional School-level requirements: one additional 3-credit course each in philosophy or religious studies, in social and behavioral science, and in non-western culture (for a total of 9 credits). They must also demonstrate proficiency in a foreign language through the intermediate level

Minors

Students may elect to take up to two minors in addition to their major field of study. For policies governing all minors, see the AP.5.3.4 Minors section of this catalog. Students interested in earning a minor should complete the appropriate section of the Change/Declaration of Academic Program form and submit it to the Office of the University Registrar. See All about Minors for more information.

Concentration Courses and Minors

Students may elect to declare a concentration, which requires four of their major field electives to be from the same designated field. Students should be aware that minors usually require between 15 and 21 credits of study, at least 8 of which must be applied only to that minor and may not be used to fulfill requirements of the student's major, concentration, an undergraduate certificate, or another minor.

Policies for Graduate Students

Students should become familiar with the university's Academic Policies in addition to those specific to each academic unit.

Graduate Student Appeal and Grievance Procedures

Graduate student appeal and grievance procedures are based on George Mason University's honor system. Students are responsible for understanding the provisions of the code described in detail in the Academic Policies section of this catalog and in Schar's graduate student guides.

Students with grievances should direct them in writing to the Assistant Dean of Admissions and Student Services, who will provide guidance on how to resolve their concerns in accordance with established procedures.

Students may appeal decisions concerning academic actions, including termination. Written appeals must be submitted to the Assistant Dean of Admissions and Student Services. The merit of these appeals will be reviewed by the Dean or Dean's designate.

Grade appeals are made to the Dean. Students should contact the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs in writing to initiate the process. The Dean's decision is final.

A student who is facing termination from the program for non-academic reasons may appeal the decision to the Dean. This appeal must be in writing and must be received within 30 calendar days of the date on the notice of dismissal or termination. The Dean or Dean's designate will make a final determination. This determination may not be appealed.

Biodefense (BIOD)

600 Level Courses

BIOD 604: Emerging Infectious Diseases I: Bacteria and Toxins. 3 credits.
Covers the microbiology, pathogenesis, clinical effects, and epidemiology of bacteria and toxins that pose threats to global health or can be utilized as biological weapons. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
BIOD 605: Emerging Infectious Diseases II: Viral Agents. 3 credits.
Covers the microbiology, pathogenesis, clinical effects, and epidemiology of viruses that pose threats to global health or can be utilized as biological weapons. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
BIOD 607: Introduction to Biodefense/Threat Analysis III: Toxins. 3 credits.
Discusses the threat of toxins as biological weapons. Special focus on microbiological toxins, including botulinum toxin, and biochemical action of toxins. Comparison to chemical weapons and debate about classification as such. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to students with a major in Biodefense, Biological Threat and Defense or Microbial Biodefense.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
BIOD 609: Biodefense Strategy. 3 credits.
Introduces students to the biodefense and biosecurity strategies and policies of the United States, other nations, and international organizations. Evaluates the effectiveness of these policies in strengthening defenses, improving intelligence, increasing oversight, enhancing nonproliferation, and reinforcing norms. Examines the interaction of biodefense and biosecurity with homeland, national, and international security. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: BIOD 604 and 605; or permission of instructor.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
BIOD 610: Advanced Topics in Global Health Security. 1-4 credits.
Different topics, depending on instructor's specialty. Topics include ethical, legal, scientific, security, political, and/or policy aspects of global health security, emphasizing current problems and research. Notes: May be repeated when topic is different. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the term for a maximum 18 credits.
Recommended Prerequisite: BIOD 604 and 605 or permission of instructor.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
BIOD 620: Global Health Security Policy. 3 credits.
Explores issues emerging from the interaction of health and security that represent novel challenges to policy makers confronting a rapidly changing international landscape. Examines the origin and evolution of the concept of health security. Analyzes strategic impact of infectious disease outbreaks, global health security case studies, global health governance, and formulation and implementation of U.S. global health security policy. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: BIOD 604 and BIOD 605; or permission of instructor.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
BIOD 621: Ethics and International Security. 3 credits.
Challenges students to wrestle with dilemmas raised by the desire to behave ethically in an international system in which consensus about ethical matters is absent. Students will develop, apply, and justify their own perspective on an ethical problem related to international security using ethical theory and social science research. Ethical issues related to nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons that confront researchers, policy makers, and practitioners will be addressed. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
BIOD 622: Negotiating in the International Arena. 3 credits.
Provides students with the concepts and tools for analyzing complex negotiation processes and introduces them to the challenges facing international negotiators. Students will read about the frameworks and perspectives that have guided the scholarly research on negotiation, as well as the latest findings from that research; analyze complex cases of actual negotiations in the security, trade, and environmental areas; and negotiate key issues on the agendas of nations and international organizations. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture

700 Level Courses

BIOD 705: Intelligence: Theory and Practice. 3 credits.
Theory and practice of intelligence, including the intelligence cycle, organization of the intelligence community, and the origins and impact of recent reforms. Examines the capabilities and limitations of the different collection disciplines, analytic methodologies and pathologies, and the relationship between intelligence and policy. Analyzes challenges posed by collecting and analyzing intelligence on weapons of mass destruction programs conducted by states and terrorists. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: BIOD 604 and 605 or permission of instructor.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
BIOD 706: Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Weapons Policy and Security. 3 credits.
Explores the causes, conduct, and consequences of the proliferation of nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons. Covers the historical, technological, normative, and strategic factors that have promoted and restrained the spread of these weapons. Addresses the motives for states to develop these weapons and the debate over the security implications of nuclear, biological, and chemical weapon proliferation. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: BIOD 604 and 605 or permission of instructor.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
BIOD 709: Nonproliferation and Arms Control. 3 credits.
Examines the array of national and international measures used to slow, halt, and reverse the spread of nuclear, biological, chemical, and missile weapons. Explores the theory and practice of proliferation to provide insights into the supply and demand aspects of proliferation. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: BIOD 604 and 605 or permission of instructor.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
BIOD 710: Health Security Preparedness. 3 credits.
Examines national and international public health and medical preparedness for and response to natural disasters, terrorist acts, and disease outbreaks. Explores organizational and policy architecture, implementation challenges, and strategies for preventing, detecting, and mitigating these threats. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
BIOD 722: Examining Terrorist Groups. 3 credits.
Introduction to terrorism including the history and evolution of terrorism, case studies of key terrorist groups, the current nature of the terrorist threat and counterterrorism strategies. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: BIOD 604 and 605 or permission of instructor.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
BIOD 723: Legal Dimensions of Homeland Security. 3 credits.
Introduces the impact of legal issues on homeland security and biodefense. Topics include the origins of the Department of Homeland Security, the relationship between public health and law enforcement, the role of the military in homeland security, trade-offs between privacy and security, legal aspects of public-private cooperation in biodefense and homeland security, quarantine authority and enforcement, ensuring compliance with international treaties, and implementing biosecurity regulations. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: BIOD 604 and 605 or permission of instructor.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
BIOD 725: Terrorism and Weapons of Mass Destruction. 3 credits.
Examines the capabilities and intentions of terrorists to acquire and use chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) weapons. The course provides an in-depth understanding of the history of CBRN terrorism, the current challenges posed by this threat, and the range of national and international policy tools available to address this threat. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: BIOD 604 and BIOD 605; or permission of instructor.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
BIOD 726: Food Security. 3 credits.
Analyzes threats to food security globally including those related to climate change and environmental degradation; animal and plant diseases; access to clean water; agricultural terrorism; and antimicrobial resistance. Explores the national and global health, economic, social, and ethical impacts of these disruptive forces. Examines strategies for enhancing the security of the global food production and supply systems. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
BIOD 751: Biosurveillance. 3 credits.
Provides an understanding of the capabilities required to provide reliable early warning of disease outbreaks and identify their etiological agents. Assesses strengths and limitations of physicians, laboratories, epidemiologists, aerosol sensors, and syndromic surveillance systems. Considers challenges posed by the integration and analysis of the information collected by these sources. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: BIOD 604 and BIOD 605; or permission of instructor.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
BIOD 752: The Role of the Military in Homeland Security. 3 credits.
Analyzes the role that the armed forces play in homeland security, including historical and legal developments, the role of the National Guard, capabilities for crisis and consequence management, and case studies of military assistance to civilian authorities in response to riots, terrorist incidents, and natural disasters. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: BIOD 604 and 605; or permission of instructor.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Washington Consortium level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
BIOD 760: National Security Technology and Policy. 3 credits.
Introduces students to the intersection of science, technology, and policy in national security. Will examine the players in the formation of science policy; the roles they play; how the types, uncertainties, and availability of data affect science policy debates; and how science policy decisions are made. Topics to be covered include weapons of mass destruction, nonlethal weapons, nanotechnology, bioengineering, energy security, and pandemic influenza. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: BIOD 604 and 605; or permission of instructor.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Washington Consortium level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
BIOD 762: Biotechnology and Society. 3 credits.
Examines the growing role of biotechnology in modern society, including benefits to human and animal health, industrial applications, and potential for misuse. Analyzes key variables influencing the revolution in biotechnology and impact in both developed and developing countries. Explores the political, economic, social, legal, security, and ethical implications of advances in life sciences and biotechnology. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: BIOD 604 and 605 or permission of instructor.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to students with a major in Biodefense, Biological Threat and Defense or Microbial Biodefense.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
BIOD 766: Development of Vaccines and Therapeutics. 3 credits.
Analyzes the process of developing new medical countermeasures against biological weapons and emerging infectious diseases such as SARS and pandemic influenza. Special attention is paid to the scientific, technical, political, regulatory, and economic obstacles to developing new vaccines and therapeutics. Examines the causes and potential solutions of public and private sector failures. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: BIOD 604 and 605 or permission of instructor.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
BIOD 780: Master's Supervised Internship. 1-6 credits.
Internship under supervision of qualified professional in biodefense at a government agency, consulting firm, industrial firm, or other acceptable agency. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the degree for a maximum 6 credits.
Recommended Prerequisite: Permission of program director or advisor.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to students with a major in Biodefense, Biological Threat and Defense or Microbial Biodefense.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Internship
BIOD 790: Global Health Security Capstone. 3 credits.
Provides students with the opportunity to hone their research, writing, collaboration, and presentation skills through completion of a capstone project that synthesizes the theoretical and subject matter knowledge students have gained in the program. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
BIOD 793: Directed Studies in Biodefense. 1-3 credits.
Individualized study of topics not otherwise available in graduate program. May involve reading assignments, tutorials, lectures, papers, presentations, or lab or field study, determined in consultation with instructor. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the degree for a maximum 6 credits.
Recommended Prerequisite: Permission of instructor and program director.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to students with a major in Biodefense, Biological Threat and Defense or Microbial Biodefense.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Independent Study
BIOD 798: Master's Research Project in Biodefense. 3 credits.
Research project related to student's concentration under supervision of faculty advisor. Student produces substantial and original contribution to the field of biodefense on the model of an article in a scholarly journal. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: 24 credits in BIOD and permission of project director.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to students with a major in Biodefense, Biological Threat and Defense or Microbial Biodefense.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Thesis

800 Level Courses

BIOD 810: Advanced Seminar in Biodefense. 3 credits.
Explores issues of contemporary and emerging concern in biodefense and biosecurity. Topics may include legal, ethical, scientific, economic, and political aspects of biodefense and biosecurity. Notes: May be repeated when topic is different. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the term for a maximum 9 credits.
Recommended Prerequisite: BIOD 604 and 605 or permission of adviser.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Schedule Type: Lecture
BIOD 890: Doctoral Supervised Internship. 1-6 credits.
Internship under supervision of qualified biodefense professional at government agency, consulting firm, industrial firm, or other acceptable agency. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the degree for a maximum 6 credits.
Recommended Prerequisite: Permission of program director or advisor.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to students with a major in Biodefense, Biological Threat and Defense or Microbial Biodefense.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Schedule Type: Internship
BIOD 899: Directed Research in Biodefense. 1-12 credits.
Research on a pertinent topic in biodefense; scope and subject determined by instructor. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the degree for a maximum 12 credits.
Recommended Prerequisite: Approval of program director.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to students with a major in Biodefense, Biological Threat and Defense or Microbial Biodefense.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Schedule Type: Independent Study

900 Level Courses

BIOD 996: Doctoral Reading and Research. 1-9 credits.
Independent reading and research on specific biodefense topic under faculty member's direction. Specific arrangements for designing scope and area of study to be determined in consultation with instructor. May involve literature searches and review, workshops, tutorials, or other formats. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the degree for a maximum 9 credits.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to students with a major in Biodefense, Biological Threat and Defense or Microbial Biodefense.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Schedule Type: Independent Study
BIOD 998: Doctoral Dissertation Proposal. 1-12 credits.
Development of a research proposal, which forms the basis for doctoral dissertation under guidance of dissertation director committee. Notes: Only 12 credits may be applied to the degree. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the degree.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to students with a major in Biodefense, Biological Threat and Defense or Microbial Biodefense.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Schedule Type: Dissertation
BIOD 999: Doctoral Dissertation. 1-12 credits.
Doctoral dissertation research under direction of dissertation chair. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the degree.
Recommended Prerequisite: BIOD 998.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy.

Enrollment is limited to students with a major in Biodefense, Biological Threat and Defense or Microbial Biodefense.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Schedule Type: Dissertation

Government (GOVT)

100 Level Courses

GOVT 101: Democratic Theory and Practice. 3 credits.
Comparative exploration; topics include contemporary analysis of the meanings of liberty, equality, representation, property rights, voting rights, and civil responsibilities. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 103: Introduction to American Government. 3 credits.
An overview of key organizing principles of American government, including its institutions, history, and various aspects of political participation. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 132: Introduction to International Politics. 3 credits.
Nature of international politics, approaches to study of international politics, state and nonstate actors in international system, patterns of action and interaction between nation-states, international institutions, and major global issues. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 133: Introduction to Comparative Politics. 3 credits.
Discusses methods and subject matter of comparative political analysis. Includes political systems, politics, participation in politics, government structures, policy-making process, and evaluation of political performance. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Schedule Type: Lecture

300 Level Courses

GOVT 300: Research Methods and Analysis. 4 credits.
Emphasizes asking clear, researchable questions and using appropriate evidence to answer them. Introduces broad range of evidence including quantitative and qualitative information. Studies design and analysis of surveys, government archives, case studies, and interpretations of events in journals. Examines ethical implications of information technologies. Notes: Required for all majors in government and international politics, and public administration. Strongly recommended before or during first semester of enrolling in 300-level courses. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: 60 hours or permission of instructor.
Schedule Type: Laboratory, Lecture
GOVT 301: Public Law and the Judicial Process. 3 credits.
American judicial organization and operation, role of the Supreme Court in policy formation, and selected constitutional principles. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit. Equivalent to CRIM 301.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 103.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 302: American Political Development. 3 credits.
Examines American political development, both in itself and compared to other nations. Addresses the extent to which theUnited States has or has not been exceptional in its development as a nation state. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 103.
Schedule Type: Seminar
GOVT 304: American State and Local Government. 3 credits.
Nature, organization, functions, and problems of American state and local governments. Notes: Students may not receive credit for GOVT 204 and 304. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 103.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 305: Contemporary American Federalism. 3 credits.
Legal, administrative, fiscal, and political dimensions of evolving American federalism. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 103.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 307: Legislative Behavior. 3 credits.
Organization, processes, functions, and roles of legislature and U.S. Congress members. Topics include state legislatures and cross-national comparisons as time and resources permit. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 103.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 308: The American Presidency. 3 credits.
Survey of modern presidency, including constitutional origins of office, growth and influence of White House staff, Cabinet, presidential appointees and control of executive branch, relations with Congress, and domestic and national security policy making. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 103.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 309: Government and Politics of Metropolitan Areas. 3 credits.
Government, politics, and problems of metropolitan centers and surrounding areas. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 103.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 311: Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior. 3 credits.
Studies actions of voters, candidates, and political parties in relation to the expression of relevant public opinion in a democratic system. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 103 and 300.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 312: Political Parties and Campaigns. 3 credits.
Characteristics and functions of political parties, influence of parties and other political forces on electoral decisions, and emphasis on parties' inability or ability to hold government accountable to citizens. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 103.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 313: Political Psychology. 3 credits.
Examines political topics through a psychological lens. Review of theoretical approaches, methods and themes. Political psychology has been used to explore the motivation of presidents, why some groups will seek to kill off other groups through acts of genocide, how the authoritarian state can emerge, and what goes through your mind as you go to cast your ballot on Election Day. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Schedule Type: Seminar
GOVT 318: Interest Groups, Lobbying, and the Political Process. 3 credits.
Role, internal operations, strategies, and activities of interest groups. Evaluates ability of these groups to enable citizens to influence or control government and enhance democratic process. Considers conditions under which social movements become, or fail to become, effective interest groups. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 103.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 319: Issues in Government and Politics. 1-3 credits.
Studies special issues relevant to government and politics. Topics announced in advance. Examples include politics and the arts, ethnic conflict and the political system, gender politics, and changing dynamics in political institutions. Notes: May be repeated when topic is different with permission of department. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the term for a maximum 9 credits.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 103.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 322: International Relations Theory. 3 credits.
Advanced inquiry into international relations. Studies theories, concepts of international relations, and major forces and issues in international politics. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 132 or 133.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 323: Classical Western Political Theory. 3 credits.
Lectures, discussions of developments in Western tradition of political thought from time of Greek city-state to late medieval Christendom. Topics include nature and purpose of politics, relationship between individual and state, political significance of religion and tradition, and concept of natural law. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit. Equivalent to PHIL 323.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 101, or three credits of Philosophy.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 324: Modern Western Political Theory. 3 credits.
Lectures, discussions of developments in Western tradition of political thought from Renaissance to mid-19th century. Topics include rise of individualism in political theory, early developments in social contact theory, theories of radical popular sovereignty, and early criticisms of liberal theory. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit. Equivalent to PHIL 324.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 101, or three credits of Philosophy.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 327: Contemporary Western Political Theory. 3 credits.
Lectures, discussions of developments in Western tradition of political thought from mid-19th century to today. Different sections focus on various political theories that have been influential during this period, such as liberal, libertarian, conservative, communitarian, Marxist, feminist, and postmodern thought. Notes: May be repeated when topic is different. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the term for a maximum 12 credits. Equivalent to PHIL 327.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 101 or three credits of Philosophy.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 328: Non-Western Political Theory. 3 credits.
Theory and history of political community, governance, and development as understood by various non-Western societies, including China, Japan, India, Africa, and Islamic World; relations to Western tradition; methodology of studying other cultures; postcolonial theories; and cultural politics on contemporary globalization. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Specialized Designation: Non-Western Culture
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 101 or 133.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 329: Issues in Political Theories and Values. 1-3 credits.
Studies special issues relevant to theoretical and value aspects of government and politics. Topics announced in advance. Examples include ethics and politics, ethics and environmental policy, changing perspectives on civil rights and liberties, religion and politics, and changing views of public space. Notes: May be repeated when topic is different with permission of department. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the term for a maximum 9 credits.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 103.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 331: Government and Politics of Latin America. 3 credits.
Contemporary political systems of Latin America, with emphasis on institutions, political processes, and political behavior. Presents case studies of several key Latin American politics; discusses problems of political development. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 132, 133.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 332: Government and Politics of the Middle East and North Africa. 3 credits.
Societies of Middle East and North Africa and their response to impact of internal sociocultural-political determinants and external forces. Focuses on contemporary politics, ideologies, popular manifestations, institutions, and operations. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Specialized Designation: Non-Western Culture
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 132, 133.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 333: Government and Politics of Asia. 3 credits.
Government structures and political processes of Asian countries. Examines patterns of conflict and cooperation, and issues of economic development and political reform in rapidly changing world. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Specialized Designation: Non-Western Culture
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 132, 133.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 334: Government and Politics of Europe. 3 credits.
Examines governance and political systems in Europe at the national and supranational levels, with emphasis on actors, institutions, processes, and behavior. Explores key policies in a variety of fields, such as social policy, migration, and economic and monetary union. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 132, 133.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 336: Political Development and Change. 3 credits.
Process of political development and change in context of modernization and industrialization. Examines patterns of political development, with emphasis on developing world. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 132, 133.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 337: Ethnic Politics in Western Europe and North America. 3 credits.
Studies resurgence of ethnic nationalism in industrial democracies of Western Europe and North America, and the comparative analysis of policy issues related to ethnonationalism. Case studies drawn from the industrial democracies. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 132, 133.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 338: Government and Politics of Russia. 3 credits.
Examines continuity and change in Russia's Soviet era and post-Soviet era politics and international relations. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 132, 133.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 339: Issues in the Politics of Advanced Industrial Societies. 1-3 credits.
Studies selected current political issues in industrial democracies of Western Europe and North America. Specific topics chosen each semester to reflect contemporary political concerns in these countries, but political process in advanced industrial countries is organizing principle throughout the course. Notes: May be repeated when topic is different. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the term for a maximum 9 credits.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 103 or 133 or permission of instructor.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 340: Central Asian Politics. 3 credits.
Comparative examination of political change in Central Asia with attention to national identity formation, political economy, political conflict, political Islam, and democratization. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Specialized Designation: Non-Western Culture
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 341: Chinese Foreign Policy. 3 credits.
Discusses theories and practices of Chinese foreign policy decision making, which are then used to understand China's relations with United States, Japan, Russia, Europe, and its Asian neighbors, and China's policy in issues such as human rights, environmental protection, and nuclear nonproliferation. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Specialized Designation: Non-Western Culture
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 132, 133.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 342: Diplomacy. 3 credits.
Origins of organized diplomacy: tasks, procedures, instruments, and problems of diplomacy. Emphasizes current, future roles of diplomacy. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 132, 133.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 343: International Political Economy. 3 credits.
Introduces international political economy. Examines interplay of economics and politics, and applies these to different issues. Focuses on issues of contemporary significance, with attention to historical issues and basic political and economic concepts. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 132, 133; or permission of instructor.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 344: American Foreign Policy. 3 credits.
Central issues surrounding the conduct of America's foreign relations, with special emphasis on structural and constitutional questions, national policy objectives abroad, and conduct of foreign policy in a democracy. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 132, 133.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 345: Islam and Politics. 3 credits.
Covers politics of religion in Muslim societies; history, ideology, and practices of key individuals, movements, and institutions; case studies of political Islam in the Middle East, Asia, Africa, and the West; plurality and diversity of political expression in Muslim world; nature of democracy in Islam; and Islamic state. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Specialized Designation: Non-Western Culture
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 346: American Security Policy. 3 credits.
Approaches U.S. National security policy from perspective of organization and implementation of specific policies. Applies theoretical concerns to historic cases to illuminate problems that continue to challenge country. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 132, 133.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 347: International Security. 3 credits.
Explores enduring security problems and new developments. Examines effects of international system on defense policies of states, particularly tensions of world caught between emerging interdependence and national demands. Encourages development of critical-thinking and group and oral presentation skills. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 132.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 351: Administration in the Political System. 3 credits.
Administrative structures and processes in political setting of public management. Presents organization and administrative theory, critiques, and current practices; and examines impact of changes in social, political, and economic environment on concepts, models. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 103.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 353: Social Entrepreneurship. 3 credits.
Introduces students to the different steps that social entrepreneurs work through to drive social change: identifying problem to address, developing a strategy to address the social need, fundraising, growing the organization, tracking results, and maximizing impact. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Schedule Type: Seminar
GOVT 354: Third-Party Government and the Nonprofit Sector. 3 credits.
Introduces students to the concept of third-party government and the new realities of governments employing networks of public and private actors to orchestrate the production of public goods and services. Also explores the role of nonprofit organizations as the most prominent "third parties" that governments heavily depend on in social welfare provision. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Schedule Type: Seminar
GOVT 355: Public Personnel Administration. 3 credits.
Analyzes techniques and tools in human resource management including merit system, classification, compensation, evaluation, recruitment, and labor relations. Emphasizes current legal and policy issues in personnel administration, such as diversity and privatization. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 351.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 356: Public Budgeting and Finance. 3 credits.
Covers tools and techniques in budgeting and financial management in U.S. governments, including management of public financial institutions, budgetary process and reform, and relationship of public budgeting to national economic policy. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 351.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 357: Urban Governance and Planning. 3 credits.
Framework, subject matter, uses, methods, administration, and future of public planning. Emphasizes setting goals, defining objectives, and choosing between program alternatives. Discusses political and bureaucratic constraints, and problems of implementation. Planning illustrations may be drawn from various levels of government. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 351.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 358: Nonprofit Financial Planning. 4 credits.
Provides understanding of social mission and entrepreneurial cross pressures underlying financial planning and accounting in nonprofit sector. Topics include revenue sources and projections, entrepreneurial techniques, and cost analysis for nonprofit and nongovernmental entities. Lectures, student case studies. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: 60 credits or permission of instructor.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 359: Computers in Public Management. 3 credits.
Applies computer-based techniques to management information in public sector. Focuses on the logic and implementation of computer applications, internet technology, web development, security, and mobile apps. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 300.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 361: Introduction to Environmental Policy. 3 credits.
Environmental politics and policy making since the 1970s. Primarily U.S. focus, with some discussion of global issues. Examines policy strategies and outcomes, ethical and economic debates, political controversies, lawmaking and enforcement, and role of key players. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit. Equivalent to EVPP 361.
Specialized Designation: Green Leaf Course
Recommended Prerequisite: 30 credits.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 362: Intermediate Environmental Policy. 3 credits.
Examines environmental issues building on learning objectives from GOVT 361. Focuses on environmental and policy issues in the US and internationally, exploring the politics of nature and the interaction of environmental science and politics and resulting controversy. Risk and uncertainty loom large in most environmental issues. Covers "natural" disasters as well as direct "man-made" problems. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: EVPP 361 or GOVT 361 or permission of instructor.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 364: Public Policy Making. 3 credits.
Processes, agencies, and politics involved in the proposal making, implementation, evaluation, and revision of U.S. public policy. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 103.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 365: State and Regional Public Policy. 3 credits.
Examines public policy decisions that affect local and state jurisdictions in context of federal system of government. Examines context, substance, and impact of such policies as housing, transportation, land use, crime prevention, service delivery, and health care. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 366: Public Policy Analysis. 3 credits.
Methods of public policy analysis, evaluation, and research. Studies design and development of alternative courses of government action and evaluation of results, and problems in applying systematic analysis to political issues. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 300.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 367: Money, Markets and Economic Policy. 3 credits.
Applies basic economic concepts and principles to issues facing the U.S. and global economies. Topics include productivity and economic growth, taxes, health care, globalization, income distribution and financial crises, with an emphasis on market structure, social institutions and the not-always rational behavior of investors and consumers. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit. Equivalent to ECON 367.
Schedule Type: Seminar
GOVT 368: Tools for Economic Policy Analysis. 3 credits.
This course outlines the economic framework for studying public policy, taking a more quantitative approach than GOVT 367. Topics include consumer and producer behavior under different market structures, how and why markets can fail to produce socially desirable outcomes, income distribution, and macroeconomic growth. Emphasizes using economic models to evaluate both market outcomes and policy interventions. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 367.
Schedule Type: Seminar
GOVT 398: Study Abroad. 3 credits.
Study abroad. Course topics, content, and locations vary. Notes: GOVT 398 may only be applied to a major or minor with prior written approval from the department. A maximum of 6 credits may be applied to the BA in government and international politics, the BS in public administration, or any minor offered by the School of Policy, Government, and International Affairs. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the term for a maximum 12 credits.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 399: Research Practicum. 1-3 credits.
Applies research methods in context of assisting with faculty research. Individualized sections taught by arrangement with full-time faculty. Methods adopted vary, but generally include library research, data collection, data analysis, and report construction. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the term for a maximum 6 credits.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 300 and Permission of Instructor.
Schedule Type: Independent Study

400 Level Courses

GOVT 407: Law and Society. 3 credits.
Explores relationship between law and society, including concept of law; origin, development, and role of law in society; and relationship between law and social change. Assesses different approaches and methodologies. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: CRIM 100 or GOVT 301.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 409: Virginia Government and Politics. 3 credits.
Examines history of politics in Virginia and current political issues. Particular attention to changing dynamics of political parties, key legislative issues, and policies of recent administrations. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 103.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 412: Politics and the Mass Media. 3 credits.
Responsibilities and freedoms of mass media in democracy. Explores Influence of media on citizens' opinions, elections, and decisions of public officials. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit. Equivalent to COMM 412.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 103.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 414: Politics of Race and Gender. 3 credits.
Examines political, economic, and social impact of public policies and implications for race, gender, and age. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 103.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 420: American Political Thought. 3 credits.
Major political values and theories in America from formation of American republic to present. Covers changes in American political values in crisis periods and contemporary American political theory including pluralism, elite theories of democracy, and empirical political theory. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 103.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 421: Contemporary Political Ideologies. 3 credits.
Studies political ideologies that shape values, beliefs, and actions of contemporary regimes and political movements. Topics include liberalism, conservatism, socialism, communism, and fascism in theory and contemporary practice; and totalitarianism and nationalism in postindustrial and developing societies. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 422: Constitutional Interpretation. 3 credits.
Examines Supreme Court's interpretation of constitutional powers of Congress, presidency, and judiciary. Includes examination of major decisions concerning state regulation, taxation, and interstate relations. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 103.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 423: Constitutional Law: Civil Rights and Liberties. 3 credits.
Studies First Amendment freedoms of speech, press, assembly, association, and religion; right to privacy; and Fourteenth Amendment equal protection. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit. Equivalent to CRIM 423.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 103.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 427: Feminist Political Thought. 3 credits.
Explores feminist political thought in historical context. Topics include feminist political movements, feminist critiques of political philosophy, and feminist contributions to political theory. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit. Equivalent to PHIL 427, WMST 427.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 101, WMST 200, 3 credits of PHIL, or permission of instructor.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 428: Advanced Democratic Theory. 3 credits.
Explores various theoretical approaches to nature and justification of democracy. Topics may include liberal, communitarian, pluralist, and deliberative theories and their critics; constitutionalism; role of markets; and transnational democracy. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit. Equivalent to PHIL 428.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 101; or one course in PHIL.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 430: Comparative Political Leadership. 3 credits.
Comparative political leadership, relationships between political cultures and types of leadership, patterns of leadership recruitment, and linkages between political elites and citizenry. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 132, 133.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 432: Political Change and Social Development in Sub-Saharan Africa. 3 credits.
Examines relationship of culture, history, ethnicity, and religion, and contemporary political and socioeconomic developments in Africa. Special attention to implications of ethnic conflict for nation-building in the post-Cold War period, and strategies for resolving conflicts. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Specialized Designation: Non-Western Culture
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 132, 133.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 433: Political Economy of East Asia. 3 credits.
Discusses different theoretical perspectives of East Asian political economy; transformation of East Asia; and issues such as money, finance, trade, investment, environment, and energy. Focuses on issues of contemporary significance, but attention also given to history. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Specialized Designation: Non-Western Culture
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 133 and 60 credits, or permission of instructor.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 434: Democracy in Global Perspective. 3 credits.
Comparative study of structures and performance of democracies around the world since 1975. Examines growing influence of global forces such as economy, media, and culture in process of democratization. Examines select current elections. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 133.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 443: Law and Ethics of War. 3 credits.
Explores sources of morality in armed conflict, and implications of such ideas for international relations. Examines content and philosophy of modern law of war. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 132.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 444: Issues in International Studies. 1-3 credits.
Major issues in international systems, including international political economy and security. Notes: May be repeated when topic is different with permission of department. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the term for a maximum 9 credits.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 132, 133.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 445: Human Rights. 3 credits.
Explores philosophical, legal, and political issues at heart of modern international human rights movement. Examines historical background legal architecture of modern human rights movement. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 132.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 446: International Law and Organization. 3 credits.
Nature, sources, and subject of law of nations; law and individual; territorial questions; nature, sources, and functions of international organizations; international transactions and organizations; war and present; and future status of international law. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 132, 133.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 447: Revolution and International Politics. 3 credits.
Historical overview of modern revolutions as well as different theories about causes and consequences of revolutions. Special attention to Marxist-Leninist, Arab nationalist, and Islamic revolutions. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 133.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 448: Ethics and International Politics. 3 credits.
Ethics and international politics ask students to wrestle with dilemmas raised by a desire to behave morally in an international system in which consensus about ethical matters is absent. Distributive justice and use of force are two overarching themes. Students also develop, apply, and justify their own perspectives on ethical problem using philosophical theory, history, and social science research. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: 60 hours and GOVT 132 or PHIL 151.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 452: Administrative Law and Procedures. 3 credits.
Law of public office. Studies procedures followed by and the legal limits on administrative agencies and their officers and employees. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 351.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 460: Surveillance and Privacy in Contemporary Society. 3 credits.
Philosophical perspectives, historical context, technological developments, and institutional changes that surround controversies about privacy and surveillance in contemporary society. Explores public and private institutions doing surveillance, how they calculate and manage risk, and legal constraints on surveillance activities. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: CRIM 100.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 464: Issues in Public Policy and Administration. 1-3 credits.
Analyzes selected policy issues in administering public policies. Topics announced in advance. Examples include environmental policy, government regulation, federal mandates, state policy, and regional policy. Notes: May be repeated when topic is different with permission of department. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the term for a maximum 9 credits.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 103 plus 60 credits.
Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 467: Current Issues in Economic Policy. 3 credits.
Applies basic concepts of economics, political science and ethics to some of the most pressing issues facing the U.S. and global economies. Topics include productivity and economic growth, taxes, soaring costs for health care and higher education, globalization, income inequality, financial crises, the size of government and the proper role of regulation. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: Open to PPE concentrators or permission of instructor.
Schedule Type: Seminar
GOVT 469: Philosophy, Politics, and Economics. 3 credits.
Covers issues in the philosophy, economics, and political science of institutions, information, and collective action. Through case studies of existing legal and political institutions, applies the insights to problems in politics, policy making, social theory, and social, moral, and political philosophy. (Specific content varies). Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit. Equivalent to ECON 460, PHIL 460.
Recommended Prerequisite: PHIL 358, ECON 412, and GOVT 467, or permission of instructor.
Schedule Type: Seminar
GOVT 470: Faith and Reason in the Making of the Modern Mind. 3 credits.
Investigates the interlocking claims of religious faith and human reason in Western culture, from Biblical times to the present. First covers tightly focused reading assignments in theology and philosophy, and second covers particular case studies, from Galileo to the Intelligent Design debate. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Schedule Type: Seminar
GOVT 471: Millennialism and Philosophies of History in Western Culture. 3 credits.
Is there purpose in human history? Are we really going anywhere as humanity moves through time? This seminar studies major patterns by which thinkers in the West have discerned meaning in humanity's temporal existence. Extends from the Jewish roots of historical understanding, through Christian millennialism, to contemporary naturalism. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Schedule Type: Seminar
GOVT 472: Christianity, Secularism, and Democracy. 3 credits.
Examines the evolving relationship between religion and the American political order, from the Reformation to George W. Bush. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Schedule Type: Seminar
GOVT 480: Internship. 3 credits.
Approved internships with specific employer. Programs relate in some capacity to government, politics, public policy, or the law. Students develop individual contracts defining learning and competencies they plan to gain from the experience. For 3 credits, a minimum of 135 hours is required. Notes: Contact the department one semester before enrolling. A maximum of 6 credits of GOVT 480 may be applied to a degree in government and international politics or in public administration. 3 of those credits may be applied to requirements for the major (to the advanced government field requirement for the BA in government and international politics) with prior approval of the internship coordinator. A maximum of 3 additional credits may be used for general elective credit toward the 120 credits required for the bachelor's degree. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the term for a maximum 15 credits.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 101, GOVT 103, GOVT 132, and GOVT 133.
Schedule Type: Internship
GOVT 490: Synthesis Seminar. 3 credits.
Readings, individual or group projects, and discussion of papers reflecting on connections between liberal arts and sciences and political world. Notes: Course topic varies by semester. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Mason Core: Synthesis
Specialized Designation: Writing Intensive in the Major
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 300 and 18 credits in major.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to students with a major in Administration of Justice, Global Affairs, Government and Politics, Government Intl Politics, International Studies or Public Administration.

Schedule Type: Seminar
GOVT 491: Honors Seminar. 3 credits.
Readings, individual or group projects, and discussions of seminar papers. Notes: Subject varies. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Mason Core: Synthesis
Specialized Designation: Writing Intensive in the Major
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 300  and 18 credits in major.
Schedule Type: Seminar
GOVT 496: Directed Readings and Research. 1-3 credits.
Reading and research on specific topic under direction of faculty member. Notes: Written report required; oral report of research may be required. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the term for a maximum 6 credits.
Recommended Prerequisite: Major in government and international politics with 90 credits and permission of instructor and department.
Schedule Type: Independent Study

500 Level Courses

GOVT 500: The Scientific Method and Research Design. 3 credits.
Grounds students in the principles of the scientific method as the framework for investigating all research questions in political science, whether qualitative or quantitative in character (or both). Focus is on sound and rigorous research design. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
GOVT 510: American Government and Politics. 3 credits.
Examines institutions and processes of American government, including separate institutions of power in national government, theory and practice of federal system, role of interest groups and political parties, and effects of media and public opinion on electoral behavior and policy making. Seminar examining normative and empirical research. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to students with a major in Political Science.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 511: Problem Solving and Data Analysis I. 3 credits.
Introduces fundamental statistical and quantitative techniques for analyzing social science data rigorously and soundly. Focuses on problem definition, research design, and problem solving under conditions of uncertainty in political science. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit. Equivalent to GOVT 711, PUAD 511, PUAD 611, PUBP 511.
Registration Restrictions:

Required Prerequisites: minimum score of 1 in 'Statistical Screening Exam' and GOVT 500C.
C Requires minimum grade of C.

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
GOVT 520: Political Theory. 3 credits.
Analyzes selected major works of ancient, modern, or contemporary political theory that illuminate basic problems and questions for people engaged in political or civic life. Examines justice, liberty, equality, autonomy, rights, obligation, participation, and nature of politics. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: Admission to the MA in political science or permission of department.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
GOVT 530: Comparative Politics. 3 credits.
Examines fundamental issues in comparative politics and provides broad coverage of the central themes under study. Designed to help students think theoretically and critically about the study of comparative politics, its scientific objectives, and its epistemological assumptions. Within this context, students will look at concepts and approaches, as well as important theories and debates that characterize the subfield. Helps prepare students for qualifying exams in comparative politics. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 540: International Relations. 3 credits.
Focuses on changing structure of international politics, post-Cold War security issues, effect of globalized economy and information technology revolution, enhanced role of global corporations and nongovernmental organizations, and rise of nonsecurity issues in emerging international agenda. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 541: Introduction to Critical Analysis and Strategic Response to Terrorism. 3 credits.
Introduces terrorism as a complex threat to human security. Focuses on tools for analyzing terrorism and the underlying sources and conditions that contribute to it. Considers similarities and differences between terrorism and other threats to human security. Explores the lessons learned in the history of responding to terrorism. Focuses not only on different tactics of response, but also includes how different types of societies (dictatorship, democracies, etc.) have responded to terrorism and what the results of those responses have been. Includes case studies of responses to terrorism. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 550: Seminar in Theories of Public Administration. 3 credits.
Reviews the theoretical traditions in American public administration, from the earliest days of the founding to the present. Concludes with consideration of contemporary theoretical debates over the proper role of public administrators and controversies about conflicting demands made on the public service and the public sector. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 510.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
GOVT 560: Topics in Government and International Affairs. 3 credits.
Explores topics of contemporary and emerging concern in government and international affairs. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture

600 Level Courses

GOVT 603: Seminar in the Courts and Constitutional Law. 3 credits.
Analyzes role, influence, and effects of U.S. courts in creating constitutional legal norms and interpreting them. Special attention to First and Fourteenth Amendments and Commerce Clause. Lecture and discussion; students expected to read and analyze leading court cases. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
GOVT 604: Seminar on Congress and Legislative Behavior. 3 credits.
Examines theories and empirical research on the U.S. Congress and legislative behavior, including elections, representation, structures, and processes. Also examines Congress' impact on the design and implementation of public policy, interactions with other branches of government, and comparisons with parliamentary systems. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 510.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
GOVT 605: Seminar on the Presidency. 3 credits.
Examines the American presidency from a number of substantive and methodological perspectives. Readings and discussions in the course appraise the presidency within the system and focus on the role the presidency plays in formulating and implementing public policy. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 510.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
GOVT 631: Seminar in Comparative Politics and Institutions. 3 credits.
Examines theories and practices of governance and development in comparative national settings. Course explores key subsets of the comparative politics literature in depth, including institutional change, regime types and transitions, democracy and authoritarianism, states and state-society relations, revolution, social movements, political cultures, and methods. Course is explicitly conceptual and cross-regional. Notes: May be repeated when topic is different. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the term for a maximum 9 credits.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 632: Politics and Societies of the Middle East. 3 credits.
Studies the Middle East in comparative perspective, using social scientific categories of analysis. Topics include: regime types, their basis and causes; influential political trends such as Arab nationalism, Ba'athism, and political Islam; the role of kinship, religion, and tribe in opposition and regime politics; the regional oil economy and economic crisis; democratic liberalization; and the growth of civil society. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 640: Strategic Responses to Terrorism: Coordinated Decision Making. 3 credits.
Revisits, expands, and examines the critical themes developed in the terrorism certificate program. Provides students with the opportunity to apply the theoretical concepts developed in practice. Integrates the ideas, theories, and practices considered in this track within the larger field of terrorism analysis and strategic responses to this threat. Notes: This is the capstone course for the terrorism certificate program and must be completed in the final semester of the certificate program. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Corequisite: GOVT 541.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 641: Global Governance. 3 credits.
Applies systems approach to understanding global politics. Emphasizes properties and functions of global systems such as population, food, disease, energy, and trade, and how world's political systems interact with them. Discusses how governance at municipal, national, and international levels affected by global systems. Examines role of nongovernmental organizations in global affairs. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 540.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar

700 Level Courses

GOVT 706: Federalism and Intergovernmental Relations. 3 credits.
Examines broad trends in governance, including theory and practice of federal, state, and local governments. May include privatization, devolution, mandating, regulatory reform, and comprehensive federalism reform. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 510.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
GOVT 712: Problem Solving and Data Analysis II. 3 credits.
Advanced techniques and skills for solving policy-related problems or analyzing political data. Focuses on data gathering and analysis, use of statistical software, and multivariate analysis. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit. Equivalent to PUAD 612.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 511.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 713: The Constitution, Criminal Procedure, and Security. 3 credits.
Explains legal doctrines that form basis of U.S. constitutional procedural rights, how these doctrines develop, and why courts rule as they do. Evaluates strengths, weaknesses of these rights. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit. Equivalent to CRIM 721.
Recommended Prerequisite: CRIM 720, GOVT 728, or permission of instructor.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
GOVT 717: Qualitative Methods. 3 credits.
Focuses on scientific design of qualitative research questions and use of specific qualitative methods in scientific analysis. Covers when and how to use qualitative research methods to answer empirical questions in political science; primary data collection methods (interviews, observations, document review); the appropriateness of different research approaches; procedural and ethical concerns that may arise in use of qualitative methods. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 511 or permission of instructor.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
GOVT 719: Issues in American Politics. 3 credits.
Examines significant issue in American politics and political behavior. Analyzes topic of contemporary and emerging concern. Notes: May be repeated when topic is different. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the degree for a maximum 6 credits.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 510.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
GOVT 725: Democratic Theory. 3 credits.
Examines democracy in terms of versions of liberalism, theories of social capital and civic participation, and discourses about civil, political, and human rights. How is democracy conceptualized normatively and empirically? What underlying economic, social, and cultural conditions promote democracy? What role do institutions play in creating and sustaining a stable democratic society? Takes a broadly comparative perspective, focusing on variety of established and emerging democracies around the world. Elective for students specializing in American government or international politics and comparative governments. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
GOVT 726: Theories of Justice. 3 credits.
Overview of ancient and modern theories of justice with application to contemporary issues involving justice system and other social and political institutions. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit. Equivalent to CRIM 700.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
GOVT 727: Restorative Justice. 3 credits.
Origins of restorative justice, its principles, implications for different justice organizations and processes, and application to problems such as family violence, human rights, and reconciliation following mass victimizations. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit. Equivalent to CRIM 703.
Recommended Prerequisite: CRIM 700, GOVT 726, or permission of instructor.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
GOVT 728: Behavior of Law. 3 credits.
Examines development of law, and law's effect on human behavior. Reviews theories of law's meaning and aims. Examines construction of law, and investigates consequences of law and legal decisions. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit. Equivalent to CRIM 720.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
GOVT 731: Advanced Seminar in Comparative Politics. 3 credits.
Assumes basic proficiency in comparative analysis. Regionally based examination of key debates in the comparative politics field. Key theoretical and methodological debates are addressed through in depth examination of regional political processes. Regions include Latin America, Asia, Middle East, European Union, Africa, and Russia. Notes: May be repeated when topic is different with permission of department. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the term for a maximum 6 credits.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 530.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
GOVT 732: Comparative Justice. 3 credits.
Survey of justice systems and their environments in different lands and cultures. Identifies commonalities and differences among justice systems, evaluates them, and considers policy implications. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit. Equivalent to CRIM 702.
Recommended Prerequisite: CRIM 700, GOVT 726, or permission of instructor.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
GOVT 733: Islam and Politics. 3 credits.
Provides an overview and understanding of the multifaceted nature of political Islam in the contemporary world. Covers brief history of Islam, formation of modern states in the post-colonial Muslim world, nature of contemporary Islamic radicalism and militancy and the future of Islamism. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
GOVT 734: Democratization. 3 credits.
Examines concepts and concrete cases of democratization and cases where democratization is absent or incomplete. Investigates methods for measuring democracy and authoritarianism; the role state and society play in political change; the effects religion, the military, ethnic division, and technology have on government reform; and the extent to which international actors can encourage democratization. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
GOVT 735: Comparative Public Management. 3 credits.
Examines the comparative decision environments for public managers and policy elites in the OECD countries generally, focusing on four models: 1) Franco-Japanese model, 2) German concentration model, 3) "Anglo-Saxon" (United States) model, 4) Chinese model. Notes: May apply to elective credit in the fields of comparative politics and public administration. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
GOVT 739: Issues in Comparative and International Politics. 3 credits.
Explores issues of contemporary and emerging concern in comparative and international politics. Notes: May be repeated when topic is different. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the term for a maximum 6 credits.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 540.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 741: Advanced Seminar in International Politics. 3 credits.
Examines theoretical and methodological issues central to study of international relations by focusing on specific topic: American foreign policy, diplomacy, international law and organization, international relations theory, international ethics, human rights and humanitarian intervention, the environment, and others. Notes: May be repeated when topic is different with permission of department. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the term for a maximum 9 credits.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 540.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 742: International Negotiation. 3 credits.
Examines frameworks and perspectives that have guided scholarly work on negotiation. Students will analyze complex cases of negotiations in the areas of security, trade, and the environment, and practice negotiating key security and environmental issues on the agendas of nations and international organizations. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
GOVT 743: International Political Economy. 3 credits.
Examines interplay of international politics and economics. Discusses theoretical perspectives and analytical tools in academic field of international political economy, and applies theories and tools to trade, investment, exchange rates, development, regionalization, and globalization. Explores how international economic and political forces increasingly shape domestic interests, and how domestic politics affect international political economy. Lecture, discussion. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 343 or equivalent.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 744: Foundations of Security Studies. 3 credits.
Introduces students to a selection of the original sources of the most important ideas that form the basis of security studies as a subfield of political science. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
GOVT 745: International Security. 3 credits.
Examines interplay of international politics and international security. Discusses theoretical perspectives and analytical tools in academic field of international security, and applies theories and tools to nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons, strategy and defense, and arms control. How domestic issues affect defense policies, terrorism, changing nature of international conflict, and human security will be examined. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 540.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 746: Media and International Affairs. 3 credits.
Examines government/media interaction and media coverage of war and foreign policy since Vietnam and considers a range of critical policy questions. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
GOVT 753: Third-Party Governance. 3 credits.
Examines design and management of government programs that rely on other levels of government and the private sector for delivery, with focus on such governmental tools as contracts, grants, loans, regulation, and tax credits. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
GOVT 755: Seminar in Politics and Bureaucracy. 3 credits.
Explores research and theory on political causes and effects of actions of government bureaucratic agencies. Readings examine origins of agencies, influences on decisions and programs, sources of internal and external accountability, pathologies of bureaucracies, and contributions bureaucracies make on effective and just governance. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 510.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
GOVT 758: Homeland/Transportation Security Administration. 3 credits.
Examines the terrorist attacks of 9/11, vulnerabilities of the aviation security at that time, failure of elected officials and administrators to act more decisively to improve security before 9/11, and the policy and administrative responses to the 9/11 attacks, including the creation of the Transportation Security Administration and the Department of Homeland Security. Includes the development of radical Islam and the rise of Osama bin Laden and Al Qaeda. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
GOVT 759: Issues in Public Administration and Management. 1-3 credits.
Current issues in administration and management of public organizations in contemporary American government. Includes practical applications of theories and analysis to managerial problems. Emphasizes competence in improving management in selected government settings. Notes: May be repeated when topic is different. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the degree for a maximum 6 credits.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
GOVT 794: Internship. 1-6 credits.
Work-study program with specific employers. Notes: Contact internship coordinator one semester before enrollment. Credit determined by department. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the term for a maximum 6 credits.
Recommended Prerequisite: Admission to graduate program and 12 credits. Notes: Contact internship coordinator one semester before enrollment. Credit determined by department. May be repeated for a maximum of 6 credits.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Internship
GOVT 796: Directed Readings and Research. 1-6 credits.
Reading and research on specific topic under direction of faculty member. Notes: Written paper required. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the term for a maximum 6 credits.
Recommended Prerequisite: 15 credits of GOVT courses at 500 level and above, and permission of instructor.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Independent Study
GOVT 798: Political Science Research Project. 3 credits.
Research project related to student's concentration under supervision of a faculty advisor. Student produces substantial and original contribution to political science knowledge on model of article in scholarly journal. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: 24 credits.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Thesis
GOVT 799: Political Science Thesis. 1-6 credits.
Substantial and original research paper with guidance of faculty advisor. Thesis proposal must be approved in advance by advisor and two faculty members who comprise thesis committee. Completed research must be approved by committee and defended publicly in oral presentation. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the degree.
Recommended Prerequisite: 24 credits and approval of thesis proposal.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Thesis

800 Level Courses

GOVT 800: PhD Research Seminar. 3 credits.
Provides an opportunity for PhD students in political science to present and refine independent research, and to further improve understanding of social scientific method as they prepare for conference presentations, qualifying exams, and subsequent dissertations. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students in the PHD Political Science program.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Schedule Type: Seminar
GOVT 810: American Political Development. 3 credits.
Advanced graduate-level seminar on historical roots of American politics. Examines political culture and historical development of U.S. institutions, and how laws and programs have been affected by historical and cultural development. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 510.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Schedule Type: Seminar
GOVT 811: Advanced Seminar in American Institutions. 3 credits.
Advanced graduate-level seminar on specific topics of contemporary research and theory in American governmental institutions. Topics vary to include presidential politics, Congress, and politics of the judiciary. Readings include classic and contemporary literature. Seminar format with discussion, student presentations. Notes: May be repeated when topic is different. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the term for a maximum 9 credits.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 510.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 815: Advanced Seminar in Political Behavior. 3 credits.
Advanced graduate-level seminar on specific topics of contemporary research and theory in American political behavior. Topic varies to include political parties, electoral politics, public opinion and voting behavior, interest groups, and lobbying. Readings include classic and contemporary literature. Seminar format with discussion, student presentations. Notes: May be repeated when topic is different. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the term for a maximum 9 credits.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 510.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Schedule Type: Lecture
GOVT 820: Advanced Topics in Political Thought. 3 credits.
Advanced graduate-level seminar on topics of contemporary research and theory in political thought. Topics vary to include political ideologies, feminist theory, and political theory. Seminar format with discussion, student presentations. Notes: May be repeated when topic is different. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the term for a maximum 9 credits.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 520.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Schedule Type: Seminar
GOVT 831: Research Seminar in Regional Political Culture and Development. 3 credits.
Advanced graduate-level seminar on theories of political culture and economic development applied to Middle East, Latin America, Asia, and Africa. Debates economic growth and development from broad and rigorous analytical base. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 540.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Schedule Type: Seminar
GOVT 841: Ethics and Human Rights in International Affairs. 3 credits.
Seminar on ethical behavior in an international system in which consensus about ethical matters is absent. Overarching themes are distributive justice, human rights, and use of force. Students develop, apply, and justify their own perspective on an ethical problem using ethical theory and social science research. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 540.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Schedule Type: Seminar
GOVT 843: Diplomacy. 3 credits.
Advanced graduate seminar on theory and practice of diplomacy; alliance construction and destruction; coercive and cooperative diplomacy; diplomacy of certain great powers such as America, Russia, China, France, and Japan, and small and revolutionary powers. Also examines diplomacy and the media, and day-to-day diplomacy. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 540.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Schedule Type: Seminar
GOVT 850: Advanced Seminar in Public Administration Research and Theory. 3 credits.
Focuses on a topic of central concern in contemporary public administration research and theory. Content of the seminar varies but includes such topics as organizing for homeland security, managerial and political effects of e-government, or the application of principal-agency models in public management. Notes: May be repeated when topic is different. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the degree for a maximum 9 credits.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 510, GOVT 650.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Schedule Type: Seminar
GOVT 851: Doctoral Seminar in Theories of Organization and Bureaucracy. 3 credits.
Examines key issues in organization theory and behavior. Issues include organization design; interorganizational coordination, intelligence and decision making systems; leadership and motivation theories; and theories or organizations as agents of political and social change. Uses case studies. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Schedule Type: Seminar
GOVT 852: Seminar in Political Leadership. 3 credits.
Graduate seminar on theories and practices of political and governmental leadership in American and comparative settings. Domestic and comparative cases of leadership in state-building, presidency, and public administration. Primary or secondary research on leaders encouraged. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: GOVT 510.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Schedule Type: Seminar
GOVT 853: Advanced Seminar in Global Innovations in Public Finance. 3 credits.
Explores how financial decisions by government jurisdictions are affected by global competition and global markets. The impact of cross-national movements of capital and information on tax, tariff, and interest rate policies will be examined, as will the numerous organizations, such as the World Bank, that have been created to reduce the impact on developing nations. Government and supernational efforts to deal with the unintended consequences and global capital flows will also be examined. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Schedule Type: Seminar

900 Level Courses

GOVT 998: Doctoral Dissertation Proposal. 3,6 credits.
Work on research proposal that forms basis for doctoral dissertation. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the degree.
Recommended Prerequisite: Advancement to candidacy.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Schedule Type: Dissertation
GOVT 999: Doctoral Dissertation Research. 1-12 credits.
Research on approved dissertation topic under direction of dissertation committee. Notes: May be repeated for up to 9 credits in a semester. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the degree.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Schedule Type: Dissertation

International Commerce and Policy (ITRN)

500 Level Courses

ITRN 500: Global Political Economy. 1-4 credits.
Foundation course in the ICP program. Explores issues and ideas affecting global security, stability, growth and development from country, regional and thematic perspectives. Introduces students to key concepts, policies, and practices that underpin international commerce, international relations more broadly, and non-governmental transnational activities. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
ITRN 501: Methods of Analysis for International Commerce and Policy. 3 credits.
Provides the skills necessary to conduct qualitative and quantitative research and analysis of issues related to international commerce and policy. Students obtain practical information on sources of data, their origins, strengths, and weaknesses. Helps develop tools for statistical analysis of data, and includes use of computers for analyzing and displaying information. It covers major data sources as well and literature and indices related to international policy, including trade data, economics and financial indicators, and development indicators. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
ITRN 503: Macroeconomic Policy in the Global Economy. 1-4 credits.
Provides an analytical introduction and overview of basic concepts in macroeconomic theory with an emphasis on applications to problems in the United States and the contemporary global economy. Covers topics such as inflation, growth and business cycles, fiscal and monetary policies, balance of payments and exchange rates. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
ITRN 504: Microeconomics and Trade Policy. 1-4 credits.
Provides a foundation in microeconomics, including supply and demand analysis, elasticities, the theory of the firm, allocative efficiency and market failure. Covers applications of this microeconomic foundation to international trade theory, trade policy analysis, preferential trade agreements, and international production. Emphasis is on graphical and algebraic analysis. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture

600 Level Courses

ITRN 602: Global Financial Crises and Institutions. 3 credits.
Examines the modern financial sector: how it operates, its regulation, and its role in risk transmission and crisis formation. Reviews global financial markets and instruments. Considers the role of multilateral and regional financial institutions in management of crises, macroeconomic adjustment, development policy and capital flows with emphases on financial crises including the 2007-09 crisis. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: ITRN 503.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
ITRN 603: Global Trade Relations. 3 credits.
Examines U.S. trade policy in the context of global trade relations. Considers the global trading system from legal, institutional and political perspectives, giving particular attention to trade agencies in the United States and abroad, international agreements, and the World Trade Organization. Trade policy formation is analyzed within the context of competing interest groups and corporate strategies. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: ITRN 504.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
ITRN 604: International Trade and Technology. 3 credits.
Examines science and technology policies and international trade, with emphasis on relationships and interactions. Assesses roles of science and technology as economic drivers, and explores strategies employed by companies and governments to link research and development to economic growth and competitiveness. Examines research and development systems and technology-related trade policies of United States, Japan, Europe, major developing countries, and selected newly industrialized economies, emphasizing policies affecting trade and technology. Explores specific cases involving interactions among science, technology, and international trade. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
ITRN 612: International Business Operations and the Multinational Corporation. 3 credits.
Examines international business environment and challenges facing companies in conducting operations in increasingly interconnected global marketplace. Focuses on issues of management and organization, and resolution of conflicts that may arise between business organizations and home and host governments. Also focuses on role of multinational corporations in international environment, and impact on global trade, economic development, and political system. Also studies trade and international investment theories and world financial environment. Explores broad issues such as sovereignty of decision making and global impact of business activities. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture

700 Level Courses

ITRN 701: Special Topics in International Commerce and Policy. 1-3 credits.
Offers specialized courses on various aspects of international commerce and policy. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the term.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
ITRN 702: Special Topics in International Commerce and Policy: Study Abroad. 3-6 credits.
Provides opportunity for study abroad under supervision of Mason faculty. Notes: Course topics, content, and locations vary. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the term for a maximum 12 credits.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
ITRN 710: International Business Transactions: Finance and Investment. 3 credits.
Focuses on techniques for financing trade and payment methods, including letters of credit, counter trade, and other approaches. Covers issues of direct concern in financing international business operations, such as preparing financing proposals, risk insurance, international taxation, pricing policies, and currency conversion and foreign exchange risk management. Introduces foreign direct investment, alliances and acquisitions, joint ventures, and other methods for investing overseas. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
ITRN 711: United States Law and Global Trade. 3 credits.
Surveys types of regulations imposed by United States, foreign governments, and international institutions on transnational business activities. Reviews principal regulatory bodies in United States and overseas, and powers and authorities. Covers tariffs and customs regulations; product safety and environmental restrictions; intellectual property, copyright, trademark, and patent regulations; and licensing rules. Also covers special restrictions that may be imposed because of political considerations such as embargoes, munitions controls, and antibribery and antiboycott regulations. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
ITRN 712: World Trade Organization and Global Trade. 3 credits.
Focuses on legal aspects of international trade regulation by studying international legal and political regime established under WTO, and assessing impact of domestic economic legislation on U.S. trade regulations. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
ITRN 715: Global Environment and the World Economy. 3 credits.
Examines growing relationship between environmental interdependence and developing world economy. Assesses increased globalization of environmental and health issues with a focus on the impact on those issues on international transactions involving trade and development. Attempts to develop an understanding of relationship of scientific knowledge to global environment in context of existing political and economic institutions. Emphasizes formulating and assessing policies and structures for corporations, nations, regions, and international organizations. Tensions among free trade, international competitiveness, and regulatory responses are central. Gives attention to practices of nations and international organizations, emerging forms of regional and international cooperation, and growing use of multilateral agreements. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
ITRN 716: European Union in the International System. 3 credits.
Examines current developments in European market integration from global perspective. Emphasizes impact of single market, and proposed economic and monetary union of United States and other major trading partners. Examines European economic relations with Eastern Europe, former Soviet Union, and Lome Pact countries. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
ITRN 717: International Science and Technology. 3 credits.
Examines U.S. science and technology policies (S&T) and structures, as well as those in other leading countries. Assesses functional links between S&T and international transactions focusing on trade, national security, finance, and development assistance. Considers emergence of multilateralism and international institutional arrangements as alternatives to traditional bilateral patterns of cooperation. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
ITRN 718: Global Economic and Human Development. 3 credits.
Interdisciplinary examination of economic and human development in world economy. Introduces alternative concepts and theories of economic and human development, and analytical frameworks for assessing important issues that arise in development process. Topics include colonialism, economic growth, population, health, education, industrialization, and rural development. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
ITRN 720: Regional and Supranational Organizations. 3 credits.
Assesses role of international organizations in international system today, and focuses on wide range of international and regional economic and political institutions. Emphasizes changing nature of these organizations in relation to nation states, and relationship of international organizations to U.S. national security and economic interests. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
ITRN 731: Business-to-Business Marketing in International Commerce. 3 credits.
Provides understanding of concepts of international marketing process and international environment within which companies operate. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
ITRN 736: Sources of Growth in East Asia. 3 credits.
Examines extraordinary economic success of East Asian NIEs and some of their problems. Focuses on understanding proximate sources of growth, role of technological development, and salient political issues. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
ITRN 738: Fundamentals of International Marketing. 3 credits.
Offers working knowledge of principles and practices that enable managers to effectively market organizations, products, services, and brands. Emphasizes international dimensions of marketing where appropriate. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
ITRN 740: Trade and Regulatory Compliance. 3 credits.
Acquaints students with legal, regulatory, and practical issues in importation and exportation of merchandise. Topics include theoretical framework for government oversight of international movement of goods; legal issues between parties and governments; and practical guidance concerning structuring of import and export transactions to avoid legal and tariff liability. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
ITRN 742: Technology Policy and International Strategies. 3 credits.
Introduces opportunities and problems created for organizations and society by Internet, and policies affecting trajectory of Internet developments. Also covers technological factors in planning horizon; domestic policy and international treaty factors affecting Internet trajectory; and new horizons for Internet applications. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: ITRN 500.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
ITRN 744: The Politics of International Competitiveness. 3 credits.
Provides inquiry into governance problems of public managers and political leaders as they cope with global competitiveness in post-industrial era. Focuses on integrating public and private sectors worldwide, with special emphasis on U.S. role and how it influences such areas as technology transfer, national security, electronic commerce, trade policies, money flows, and human resources. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: ITRN 500.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
ITRN 750: Trade and Politics in Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union. 3 credits.
Examines background and recent developments in political, business, and cultural environment confronting American firms seeking to do business in Eastern Europe and former Soviet Union. Emphasizes international trade patterns and relations between these states and United States. Examines modes of doing business in these countries, and unique problems American firms confront. Focuses on privatization, joint ventures, and counter trade. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: ITRN 500.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
ITRN 752: Global Business and Policy. 3 credits.
Focuses on the multinational firm (MNE) and examines the international activities of large companies as well as small and medium sized enterprises. Assesses how firms strategize across national borders and address the challenges posed by different governance structures, political economies, institutions and cultures. Theoretical concepts are applied to 'real' business situations and case studies. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
ITRN 754: International Commercialization of Space. 3 credits.
Identifies and analyzes problems and transactions concerning privatization and commercialization of transnational space activities, including launch and satellite operations. Emphasizes interplay of new technologies with existing legal, political, and business structures in formulating viable commercial satellite and launch operations. Focuses on planning and implementing private space actions in conjunction with various public and private international organizations. Sessions focus on interdisciplinary aspects of space commercialization involving technology, finance, tax, insurance, joint venture and business matters, and international legal and national regulatory issues. Guest lecturers include leading business executives engaged in space and satellite operations. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
ITRN 756: National Security and the Global Economy. 3 credits.
Examines impact of globalization and changes in international economic and political systems on concepts of national security. Emphasizes nexus of economic and security concerns in post-Cold War era, with particular attention to emerging issues including trade and economic security, proliferation of advanced military technology and control of weapons of mass destruction, international drug trafficking, and defense conversion. Focuses on implications of changing security requirements on U.S. defense and economic policy and activities. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: ITRN 500.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
ITRN 757: Business and Politics in Emerging Markets. 3 credits.
Examines developing countries that are major destination points for international financial flows and foreign direct investment. Emerging markets have become a major influence in the world economy both because of the potential for growth and the downside risks from economic crises. The course uses the new institutional economics to analyze the interplay of political, economic, and business conditions. Institutional economics is a combination of economics, economic history, and political science. Topics covered include the politics of economic reform, drivers of globalization and investment, the informal sector, and relationships of risk and reward. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
ITRN 758: Global Market Planning Practicum. 3 credits.
Provides opportunity to develop international market plan for specific industry or service sector. Students consult with industry experts and use key trade databases to develop strategic plan that recommends market entry strategies. Completed market plan submitted to industry experts for use and dissemination. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
ITRN 759: Country Risk Analysis. 3 credits.
Presents a wide variety of country risk analysis methods used by corporations, financial institutions, governments, international organizations, specialized consulting groups, and publications. These methods are used to design policies, programs, and projects in the international arena. The course explores natural, commercial, economics, political and financial risk. It also provides a conceptual foundation for understanding the sources of risk, the impacts of risk on public and private sector activities, and the ways that risk can be successfully mitigated or managed. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
ITRN 760: International Environmental Politics. 3 credits.
Examines growing concerns related to global environmental issues and problems they pose to domestic, foreign, and international political institutions. Covers major environmental issues including global warming, ozone depletion, cross-border flow of pollution, and threats to biodiversity. Assesses strengths and weaknesses of traditional political institutions in dealing with these issues and providing for sustainable economic development while limiting environmental damage. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Specialized Designation: Green Leaf Course
Recommended Prerequisite: ITRN 500.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
ITRN 761: European Political and Economic Union. 3 credits.
Examines movement for European integration since World War II, focusing on political and institutional development of European Community/Union. Topics include theories of European integration, Treaties of Rome, Single European Act, Maastricht Treaty, European Union (EU) policies and programs, and EU's external relations. Analyzes changing nature of U.S.-EU relations and prospects for EU enlargement into Central and Eastern Europe. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
ITRN 764: Trade, Investment, and Politics in East Asia. 3 credits.
Examines issues related to international transactions involving Korea, China, Taiwan, and Hong Kong, with some attention to Japan. Focuses on trade and financial relations between these East Asian nations and United States. Assesses impact of culture and domestic political and economic institutions within these states, and roles in regional institutions and in international system. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
ITRN 765: Trade, Investment, and Politics in Sub-Saharan Africa. 3 credits.
Examines role and potential of sub-Saharan Africa in international trading system. Emphasizes political, historical, cultural, and development factors. Focuses on perspectives of U.S. firms and on international institutions trading or investing in region. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
ITRN 766: Trade, Investment, and Politics in the Middle East and North Africa. 3 credits.
Examines major economic, political, and cultural issues that influence trade and investment relations with Middle East and North Africa. Focuses on roles of international and regional institutions in economic development, and develops understanding of challenges facing region and their implications for formulating trade and investment strategies by U.S. firms. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: ITRN 500.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
ITRN 767: Political Economy and Integration in Latin America. 3 credits.
Examines contemporary political, economic, and cultural dynamics of Latin American and Caribbean regions. Emphasizes issues and trends that affect U.S.-Latin American political, business, and trade relations, particularly recent political and economic reforms. Examines roles of domestic interest groups and decision-making systems in individual countries, and evolution of regional integration arrangements and integration with international system. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
ITRN 768: Global Intellectual Property Rights and International Trade. 3 credits.
Examines national and regional systems, international contractual relations (licensing), and the evolving global system for protecting intellectual property. Addresses current international treaty system and the ongoing multilateral efforts to strengthen worldwide intellectual property protection. Examines intellectual property regimes worldwide, including regional and bilateral challenges and opportunities, and relevant U.S. law and policy responses. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: ITRN 500.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
ITRN 769: International Entrepreneurship. 3 credits.
Introduces practical planning approach for small and medium-size entrepreneurial firms seeking to enter international marketplace. Focuses on key business and financial documents related to doing business overseas; and assesses role of language, technology, and information systems in formulating successful business strategy. Role playing and simulated negotiations provide opportunities for students to sharpen business skills. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
ITRN 770: International Contract Negotiation. 3 credits.
Reviews growing role of arbitration in international transactions. Examines international, national, and government arbitration bodies, with particular emphasis on how differing cultural characteristics affect negotiating behavior and effectiveness of arbitration. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
ITRN 771: Trade, Investment, and Politics in South and Southeast Asia. 3 credits.
Focuses on trade and finance issues in the most dynamic countries of South and Southeast Asia. Assesses cultural and political factors, regional trade patterns, and institutions, focusing on implications for regional development and business opportunities for U.S. firms. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: ITRN 500.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
ITRN 772: International Telecommunications. 3 credits.
Focuses on developments in international telecommunications and satellite regulation. Examines regulatory environment, and business and financial aspects of global telecommunications industry. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
ITRN 773: International Strategic Management. 3 credits.
Presents comprehensive approach to international strategy formulation, implementation, and evaluation processes affecting policy and program development within multinational firms and government agencies. Integrates marketing, finance, accounting, and management. Covers techniques for forecasting international business, political, economic, technological, legal, and sociocultural forces. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
ITRN 780: Internship. 1-3 credits.
Provides practical work experience in state, federal, or international agencies or private sector. Requires written project integrating work experience and academic program. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: Majors only.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Internship
ITRN 790: Independent Study. 1-3 credits.
Provides opportunity to pursue intensive research in area of interest not covered by other courses. Notes: Not all courses earn 3 graduate credits. Some courses may vary in length and thus, in credits earned. Some course requirements subject to change. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the term for a maximum 9 credits.
Recommended Prerequisite: Majors only.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Independent Study
ITRN 791: Advanced Trade Policy. 3 credits.
Covers international trade theory, trade policy analysis, regional economic integration, and institutional arrangements governing world trade. Examines dispute settlement regimes, and relationship between trade and environment. Includes WTO and constituent agreements in the areas of goods, services, intellectual property, and trade-related investment measures. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar

Organization Development and Knowledge Management (ODKM)

700 Level Courses

ODKM 700: Organizations, Management and Work: Theory and Practice. 3 credits.
This introduction to organizations, management, and work examines ideas and practices from two perspectives: conventional ones that go back to the industrial age and scientific management; and contemporary ones that have to do with organizing knowledge-work. Covers contributions of a range of writers and deals with foundations of OD from the standpoint of both theory and practice . Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to students with a major in Organiztn Dev Knowledge Mgt.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
ODKM 705: Group Dynamics and Team Learning. 3 credits.
Engaging in unstructured and semi-structured learning environment, students will learn how to facilitate team learning for organizational effectiveness. By exploring various aspects of group dynamics such as power, perception, motivation, leadership, and decision making, students will develop various competencies to manage teams and enhance their emotional and appreciative intelligence. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to students with a major in Organiztn Dev Knowledge Mgt.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
ODKM 710: Social and Organizational Inquiry. 4 credits.
Introduces participants to the ethics, conduct and evaluation of research into human, social and organizational realities. Explores relationships between what and how we measure and what we find. Students develop the capacity to reflect on themselves as research instruments, on their own impact on the systems under study, and on the impact of the research assumptions, framing and approach both on the results obtained and on the future development of those systems. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to students with a major in Organiztn Dev Knowledge Mgt.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
ODKM 715: Creating Learning Organizations. 3 credits.
Focuses on the epistemological and ontological implications of organizational life in the twenty-first century. Reevaluates traditional management approaches in light of global economies, instantaneous communication, changing technologies, and diverse workgroups in knowledge economies. Special attention to developing skills for "double- and triple-loop learning," and reflection in professional lives through learning conversations, journals, narrative, autobiography, and imaginative literature. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to students with a major in Organiztn Dev Knowledge Mgt.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
ODKM 720: Socio-technical Systems and Collaborative Work. 3 credits.
Examines the potential of collaborative technologies for creating effective knowledge sharing in organizations. Through the use of tools such as SharePoint, students will gain a comprehensive understanding of the state of the art of virtual work and collaboration technology and other subjects related to successful design of a collaborative knowledge work environment. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to students with a major in Organiztn Dev Knowledge Mgt.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
ODKM 725: Knowledge Management and Strategy. 3 credits.
An in-depth look at knowledge management, both theory and practices, which distinguishes between technology-oriented KM practices and people-oriented ones, with an emphasis on leveraging and sharing knowledge to get work done well and develop more effective organizations. Examines effective ways of organizing knowledge-work, including social networks, communities of practice, and the use of collaborative technologies. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to students with a major in Organiztn Dev Knowledge Mgt.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
ODKM 730: Special Topics. 1-3 credits.
Selected special topics in organization development and knowledge management not covered by existing ODKM courses. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to students with a major in Organiztn Dev Knowledge Mgt.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
ODKM 731: Consulting Skills for Organizational Change. 3 credits.
Explores various theories and practices of change management, collaborative consulting, action research, and organization development. Using class projects and case studies, students bring together their understanding of organization development, their values, and their personal style to perform more effectively in various consulting roles. Students also learn various aspects of process consulting and client relationship management. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to students with a major in Organiztn Dev Knowledge Mgt.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
ODKM 732: Leadership and Social Justice. 4 credits.
This course challenges participants not just to theorize leadership and social justice but to inhabit them. Reflective understanding and practice span: inner journeys, interpersonal relationships, organizations, and large scale systems. With globalization, ethical leadership requires understanding diverse perspectives and complex systems. Outward leadership relies on inner leadership. Participants cultivate personal leadership philosophy and practice through engaging real-life challenges. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
ODKM 735: Organizational Development Practices. 3 credits.
Students develop applied knowledge of various organizational development practices such as action research and appreciative inquiry. Includes simulations to understand the complexities of real-world change management. Group projects with selected organizations will help students develop their diagnostic and analytical skills to become better facilitators of organizational learning. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to students with a major in Organiztn Dev Knowledge Mgt.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
ODKM 740: Learning Community. 1-3 credits.
Using workshops, seminars, simulations, and structured experiences, students will learn how to build a learning Community of Practice (CoP) as practitioners of organization development. They will also reflect upon the community building experience using research findings and design practice sessions to apply the lessons learned to the work environment. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the degree for a maximum 3 credits. Equivalent to MNPS 720.
Recommended Prerequisite: Candidates for the M.S. in ODKM degree only.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to students with a major in Organiztn Dev Knowledge Mgt.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture

Public Administration (PUAD)

500 Level Courses

PUAD 502: Administration in Public and Nonprofit Organizations. 3 credits.
Graduate introduction to field of public administration. Focuses on structure, functions, and processes of executive branch agencies of national, state, and local governments. Emphasizes nonprofit organizations as co-actors with government in policy-making/policy implementation nexus. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUAD 504: Managing in the International Arena: Theory and Practice. 3 credits.
Theoretical and empirical examination of international system that both affects and is affected by decisions, behaviors, and subsystems of state and nonstate (organizational) actors. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUAD 505: Introduction to Management of Nonprofits. 3 credits.
Examines nonprofit organizations and their role in contemporary society. Explores unique aspects of nonprofits including voluntary governance, tax-exempt status, nonprofit corporation law, accounting practices, fund raising, finance, and management of volunteers. Emphasizes board/executive relationship, and value of establishing and maintaining nonprofit organization's reputation. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUAD 509: Justice Organizations and Processes. 3 credits.
Examines structures, practices, and performance of organizations involved in administration of justice (law enforcement, courts and legal agencies, corrections, regulatory and related agencies, private organizations) Explores applicability of various theoretical perspectives on organizational processes, and considers extent to which processes operate as a system. Focuses on comparing formal goals and system expectations to actual practice. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit. Equivalent to CRIM 509.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUAD 511: Problem Solving and Data Analysis I. 3 credits.
Techniques, skills for public managers to solve policy-related problems or analyze policy-related data. Focuses on problem definition, research design, and problem solving under conditions of uncertainty in public sector. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit. Equivalent to GOVT 511, GOVT 711, PUAD 611, PUBP 511.
Registration Restrictions:

Required Prerequisite: minimum score of 1 in 'Statistical Screening Exam'.

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
PUAD 520: Organization Theory and Management Behavior. 3 credits.
Considers behavior in context of public organization, and consequent changes required in management. Focuses on such issues as perception, attitude formation, motivation, leadership, systems theory, communication and information flow, conflict theory, and decision theory. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit. Equivalent to PUAD 620.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
PUAD 540: Public Policy Process. 3 credits.
Processes of making public policy, including detection of public issues, consideration of alternatives, and adoption and implementation of solutions. Highlights major actors in policy process, and environment within which they work. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit. Equivalent to PUAD 640.
Recommended Prerequisite: PUAD 502.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar

600 Level Courses

PUAD 612: Problem Solving and Data Analysis II. 3 credits.
Techniques and skills for public managers to solve policy-related problems or analyze policy-related data. Focuses on data gathering and analysis, use of computers, systems theory and analysis, and operations research. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit. Equivalent to GOVT 712, PUBP 705.
Registration Restrictions:

Required Prerequisites: PUAD 511B-, GOVT 511B- or PUBP 511B-.
B- Requires minimum grade of B-.

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUAD 613: Economic Analysis in Public Administration. 3 credits.
Covers major economic issues about role of markets and government in global world. Applies fundamental economic concepts such as cost benefit analysis to public sector. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Required Prerequisites: PUAD 511B-, GOVT 511B- or PUBP 511B-.
B- Requires minimum grade of B-.

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUAD 615: Administrative Law. 3 credits.
Covers law as guiding and controlling force in public-sector operations. Includes application of legal processes to administrative practices and situations, and administrative determination of private rights and obligations. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUAD 621: Principles and Practices in Government Organization and Management. 3 credits.
Major management theories applicable to American federal system. Emphasizes organization, structure, and operations. Explores relationship of theories to management practices in contemporary American administration. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: PUAD 520.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUAD 622: Program Planning and Implementation. 3 credits.
Practical exploration of implementing public law in American federal system. Studies construction of organizational apparatus, development of operational plans, and systems of control and evaluation necessary to implement government programs. Emphasizes coordinating tasks and resources required for effective program implementation. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: PUAD 520.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUAD 623: Managing Government Contracting. 3 credits.
Explores unique management and administrative challenges of providing public goods and services through contracts. Examines debates over privatization, and explores tools managers need to address unique accountability challenges associated with this governance tool. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUAD 624: Public and Private Partnerships. 3 credits.
Emphasizes entrepreneurial efforts where governments, nonprofit organizations and private companies establish goals and combine resources and talents. Issues of efficiency, accountability, and democratic responsiveness will be examined. Various tools for promoting and implementing such partnerships will be explored. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
PUAD 625: Higher Education Law. 3 credits.
Analyzes legal issues confronting higher education: governance, faculty matters, and student issues. Examples include due process, freedom of speech, and privacy. Reviews key constituents in higher education-students, faculty, administrators, board of trustees, and parents -and how their roles are changing. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUAD 626: Consulting Management. 3 credits.
Explores the consulting industry, changes in the industry and future expectations of consulting as a career. Examines different sectors of consulting such as HR, IT, Operations, Marketing, Succession Planning, Organizational Consulting, Knowledge management, Non-profit and health care and government consulting. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
PUAD 630: Emergency Planning and Preparedness. 3 credits.
Provides an understanding of the issues associated in developing plans and policies to prepare for disasters, both natural and man made. Overview of nature of challenges posed by different kinds of disasters; discussion of regulatory requirements, sample plans, equipment requirements, collateral and mutual aid support agreements, and methods for testing and updating plans. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
PUAD 631: Disaster Response Operations and Recovery. 3 credits.
Explores the principles and practices that promote effective disaster response operations and management. Examines nature of disasters, models for response operations in the United States and roles and responsibilities of various emergency management-related organizations. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
PUAD 632: Terrorism: Theory and Practice. 3 credits.
Introduces students to the subject of terrorism including the history and evolution of terrorism, case studies of key terrorist groups, the current nature of the terrorist threat, and counterterrorism strategies. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
PUAD 633: Hazard Mitigation Policy. 3 credits.
Examines the complex interplay and policy approaches to hazard prevention and protection of known hazards in terms of land use, zoning, infrastructure, and building code management. Focuses on understanding the relative roles of proactive policy design and implementation at the federal, state, and local levels of government. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
PUAD 634: Management of International Security. 3 credits.
Examines theory and practice of managing international security. Emphasizes interplay of organizational structure and bureaucratic dynamics in international context. Presents theory and practice of crisis management, and coordination and comparison of security methods and techniques. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUAD 635: Emergency Preparedness: Interagency Communication and Coordination. 3 credits.
Considers complex relationships within governments and across sectors and levels of government for effective emergency management in planning, response, recovery, and mitigation phases. Explores intergovernmental management and network management theories and research to understand the nature of interorganizational problems and potential models for collaboration. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUAD 636: The NGO: Policy and Management. 3 credits.
Explores unique aspects of nonprofit organizations operating in international environments, particularly in relief and development work. Examines relationship between NGO and U.S. and foreign governments. Covers international philanthropy; cross-cultural understanding; and key managerial concerns such as communications, planning, human resource management, control, group process, and project evaluation. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
PUAD 637: Managing Homeland Security. 3 credits.
Focuses on the Department of Homeland Security and will cover the statutory law that provides the foundation for the department, the resources appropriated to the department, the determination of strategy and priorities, the development of operational capacity, and other challenges associated with top-level (secretarial) management of the department and its principal bureaus. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
PUAD 642: Environmental Policy. 3 credits.
In-depth examination of environmental policy making. Examines U.S. efforts from 1970 to present to mitigate pollution of nation's air, land, and water; and addresses issues of global concern including biodiversity loss, ozone depletion, and climate change. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit. Equivalent to EVPP 642, PUAD 742.
Specialized Designation: Green Leaf Course
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUAD 644: Public Policy Models. 3 credits.
Approaches to modeling policy problems. Includes analysis and comparison of dominant paradigms in policy sciences. Reviews assumptions and implications of different models and their utility for analysis, implementation, and evaluation. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: PUAD 540.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUAD 645: Policy Analysis. 3 credits.
Introduces concepts and techniques for formal policy analysis, development of skills in applying policy analysis techniques through case studies, and exploring legitimacy and utility of policy analysis. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit. Equivalent to PUAD 741.
Registration Restrictions:

Required Prerequisites: or GOVT 511B- or PUBP 511B-.
B- Requires minimum grade of B-.

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
PUAD 646: Program Evaluation. 3 credits.
Practical exploration of assessment techniques used in studying results of public programs and policies, including evaluation of implementation strategies and impacts. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit. Equivalent to PUAD 742, PUBP 713.
Registration Restrictions:

Required Prerequisites: PUAD 511B-, GOVT 511B- or PUBP 511B-.
B- Requires minimum grade of B-.

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
PUAD 649: Advocacy and Lobbying. 3 credits.
Explores how nonprofit organizations advocate and lobby for social change. Considers the different steps in the advocacy process and the broad range of strategies used by non profits seeking to influence public policy. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
PUAD 651: Virginia Politics, Policy, and Administration. 3 credits.
Cultural, demographic, constitutional, and socioeconomic environment of public administration in Virginia. Covers governmental agencies, legislative functions, executive leadership, staff agencies, state-local relationships, intrastate regionalism, administrative customs peculiar to Virginia. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: PUAD 502.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUAD 652: Nonprofit Leadership and Change. 3 credits.
Examines the principles of leadership and the process of change within the context of the nonprofit sector and its role in the community. Looks at current changes and challenges within the nonprofit sector and their effect on the sector and society as a whole. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
PUAD 654: The Community, Marketing, and Public Relations. 3 credits.
Focuses on marketing concepts and communications issues of nonprofit organization as they apply to identifying market, ability to formulate public image and reputation, and capability to raise money and retain membership or volunteers. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: PUAD 502 or 505.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUAD 655: Philanthropy and Fund Raising. 3 credits.
Examines history of philanthropy and relationship to nonprofit, government, and commercial sectors in United States. Studies principles of financial development including governance, development of organizational capacity, and identification of funding sources and donor motivations. Provides understanding of fund raising techniques that generate financial support for nonprofits, and context in which these methods may be used. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: PUAD 502 or 505.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUAD 657: Association Management. 3 credits.
Practical application of management theory in context of professional and trade associations. Covers legal structures, tax-exempt status, and general organizational structure. Topics include volunteer management, budgeting and accounting practices in associations, fund raising, media relations, media and event planning, and human resource management. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: PUAD 502 or 505.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUAD 658: Social Entrepreneurship and Nonprofit Enterprise. 3 credits.
Explores innovative approaches for addressing social problems. Organized around the steps in the entrepreneurial process: identifying social needs, formulating program strategies, mobilizing resources, managing growth tracking results, and maximizing impact. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
PUAD 659: Nonprofit Law, Governance, and Ethics. 3 credits.
Overview of nonprofit governance as well as basic contract, labor, and tax law issues within nonprofit corporation law. Covers relationship between board and executive, and ethics topics typical to nonprofit organizations such as self-dealing, fiduciary responsibility, and human resource issues. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUAD 660: Public and Nonprofit Accounting and Finance. 3 credits.
Studies fundamental normative debates in public and nonprofit financial management arena with focus on resulting implementation principles and techniques in governmental accounting, financial reporting, budget and revenue decisions, debt management, cash and investment management, pensions and employee benefits, and risk management. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: Course open only to admitted MPA or Association/ Nonprofit Management Certificate students.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to students with a major in Association Management, Nonprofit Management or Public Administration.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUAD 661: Public Budgeting Systems. 3 credits.
Survey focusing on policy and theoretical framework of revenue and expenditure choices at all levels of government. Topics include development, theories, structure of budgeting; political, economic, and managerial aspects of public budgeting; public policy implications; and budgetary reform movements and successes and failures. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUAD 662: National Budgeting. 3 credits.
Examines formulation of overall national fiscal policy and budgetary priorities through presidential and congressional budget processes, including decisions over spending and revenues. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUAD 663: State and Local Budgeting. 3 credits.
Introduces state and local government budgeting including principal actors and institutions inside and outside state and local governments that play role in budget development, appropriation, implementation, and auditing. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUAD 664: Nonprofit Financial Management. 3 credits.
Covers nonprofit financial management with attention to conflicts between social mission and financial entrepreneurship. Topics include mission, budgeting, fund raising, commercial programs, investments, accounting and information systems, financial reporting, auditing, and internal control. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: Admission to MPA, certificate in association management, or certificate in nonprofit management.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
PUAD 670: Human Resources Management in the Public Sector. 3 credits.
Overview of range and complexity of functions, responsibilities, and expectations of human resource staff and line managers in public sector. Focuses on human resources management in context of political, legal, and managerial systems. Human resource functions, such as hiring, performance, and development, are also presented. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: PUAD 502.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUAD 671: Public Employee Labor Relations. 3 credits.
Public employee labor relations, including unionization, representational elections, bilateral policy negotiations, administration of agreements, management rights, union and membership security, strike issue and grievance procedures, impact on public administration, and assessment of future developments. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUAD 672: Human Resources Reforms for Public Administration. 3 credits.
Explores recent reforms in human resources management in federal, state, and local governments. Covers pay for performance systems, flexible assignment patterns, incentives for productivity, work-life balance, job design, and changes resulting from higher levels of contracting for government programs. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
PUAD 679: Leadership Skills for the 21st Century. 3 credits.
The class is premised on the belief that an individual's leadership capabilities can be enhanced by better understanding and practicing day-today leadership skills which can be used in the workplace. The academic literature on leadership will also be discussed. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
PUAD 680: Managing Information Resources. 3 credits.
Examines how managerial and analytical functions in public organizations can be performed via end-user computer applications. Provides in-depth coverage of selected database and decision support packages, and gives attention to logic and integration of application software. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: Admission to MPA program or permission of instructor.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUAD 691: Justice Program Planning and Implementation. 3 credits.
Covers development and construction of organizational systems to implement government policies and programs. Emphasizes dealing with real-world challenges, constraints, and opportunities to create feasible plans, performance-monitoring systems, and secure multiple agency coordination. Applications of planning and implementation principles to actual projects in justice agencies. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit. Equivalent to CRIM 691.
Recommended Prerequisite: PUAD 502 and 509.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture

700 Level Courses

PUAD 700: Ethics and Public Administration. 3 credits.
Topics of ethical dimensions including constitutionalism, democratic values and traditions, standards of conduct and ethics, and conflicting values of public officials and social equity of public programs. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Required Prerequisites: (PUAD 502B) and (PUAD 511B or 611B) and (PUAD 520B or 620B) and (PUAD 540B or 640B).
B Requires minimum grade of B.

Enrollment is limited to students with a major in Nonprofit Management or Public Administration.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUAD 701: Cross-Cultural and Ethical Dimensions of International Management. 3 credits.
To be taken in final two semesters of MPA program. Examines normative issues in management of programs in international context. Emphasizes interplay of cultural, sociopolitical, legal, and ethical factors, and management and policy problems arising from conflicting goals, values, and inequities among nations and regions. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: To be taken during final semester of student's MPA program.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUAD 703: Third-Party Governance. 3 credits.
Examines design and management of government programs relying on other levels of government and private sector for delivery, with focus on such governmental tools as contracts, grants, loans, regulation, and tax credits. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Required Prerequisites: (PUAD 502B) and (PUAD 511B or 611B) and (PUAD 520B or 620B) and (PUAD 540B or 640B).
B Requires minimum grade of B.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
PUAD 720: Performance Measurement. 3 credits.
Methods used by managers to systematically assess performance. Includes practical tools such as focus groups, survey research, cost/benefit analysis, benchmarking, and comparison methods for revealing outcomes and impacts. Prepares managers to use information more effectively in developing programs and services and formulating policy, and covers reporting techniques to communicate performance results. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUAD 727: Seminar in Risk Assessment and Decision Making. 3 credits.
Examines decision making under risk and uncertainty. Readings introduce major intellectual perspectives on topic and are drawn from variety of disciplines, including biology, economics, law, and psychology. Emphasizes making actual decisions under uncertainty. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: 12 graduate credits.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
PUAD 729: Issues in Public Management. 3 credits.
Current issues in management of public organizations in contemporary American government. Includes practical applications of theories and analysis to managerial problems. Emphasizes competence in improving management in selected government settings. Notes: May be repeated for credit when topic is different. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the term.
Recommended Prerequisite: PUAD 502 and 9 graduate credits.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUAD 730: Professional Development Workshop. 1-3 credits.
Explores external and internal factors reshaping public and nonprofit organizations. Investigates processes and techniques that managers and staff can use to respond to rapid environmental change. Emphasizes case studies and application of techniques and processes. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the term for a maximum 12 credits.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUAD 731: Homeland/Transportation Security Administration. 3 credits.
Examines the terrorist attacks of 9/11, the vulnerabilities of the aviation security system at that time, reasons why elected leaders and officials did not act more decisively to improve security before 9/11, and the policy and administration responses to the 9/11 attacks, including the creation of the Transportation Security Administration and the Department of Homeland Security. Includes the development of radical Islam and the rise of Osama bin Laden and Al Qaeda. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
PUAD 738: Issues in International Security. 3 credits.
Examines issues of topical interest in general area of international security. Possible topics include nuclear strategy, disarmament, American defense policy, and international terrorism. Notes: May be repeated for credit when topic is different. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the term.
Recommended Prerequisite: PUAD 504 and 9 graduate credits.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUAD 739: Issues in International Management. 3 credits.
Examines significant current issues in public international management. Emphasizes practical applications of theories and analysis of problems in public international management arena, and competence in improving management practices in international management settings. Notes: May be repeated for credit when topic is different. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the term.
Recommended Prerequisite: PUAD 502 and 9 graduate credits.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUAD 749: Issues in Public Policy. 3 credits.
Examines significant issues in public policy in contemporary American government. Emphasizes practical applications of theories and analysis to policy problems, and competence in improving policy analysis in selected government settings. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the term.
Recommended Prerequisite: PUAD 502 and 9 graduate credits.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Post-Baccalaureate or Non-Degree Undergraduate degrees may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUAD 750: Federalism and Intergovernmental Relations. 3 credits.
Examines broad trends in governance, including theory and practice of federalism, with particular focus on intergovernmental relations and changing roles of federal, state, and local governments. May include privatization, devolution, mandating, regulatory reform, and comprehensive federalism reform. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: PUAD 502 and 9 graduate credits.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
PUAD 758: Environmental Politics. 3 credits.
Evolution and current state of environmental policy making. Includes history, strengths, and weaknesses of key U.S. environmental laws and central international environmental agreements. Introduces analytical approaches, including cost-benefit and risk analysis. Discusses economic incentives and normative considerations. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit. Equivalent to EVPP 758.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUAD 759: Issues in Local Government Administration. 3 credits.
Management and policy formulation in American local governments. Addresses environments, institutions, and actors involved. Examines contemporary problems such as education, criminal justice, transportation, land use, economic development, and environmental impact. Notes: May be repeated with different topic. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the term.
Recommended Prerequisite: PUAD 502 and 9 graduate credits.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUAD 769: Issues in Public Financial Management. 3 credits.
Current issues in budgeting and financial management in contemporary American government. Emphasizes practical applications of administration and management issues and policy choices at all levels of government. Notes: May be repeated for credit when topic is different. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the term for a maximum 15 credits.
Recommended Prerequisite: PUAD 502 and 9 graduate credits.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUAD 781: Information Management: Technology and Policy. 3 credits.
Examines challenges that organizations encounter as they move to a more technologically sophisticated information and communication environment. Studies organizational policy issues evolving from new technologies, including privacy, security, authentication, content control, intellectual property, and taxation, focusing on effectiveness of previous policy solutions and analyzing proposed solutions. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: PUAD 680 or Permission of Instructor.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUAD 790: Justice Organization and Administration. 3 credits.
Examines organization and administration of justice and security organizations. Covers organization theory and behavior as applied to justice and security organizations. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit. Equivalent to CRIM 740.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
PUAD 791: Justice Program Evaluation. 3 credits.
Practical exploration of assessment techniques used to study need for and consequences of justice programs and policies. Covers needs assessments, process, and impact evaluations. Includes design and measurement issues for assessing performance of justice programs, and interpreting and presenting results. Emphasizes designing program evaluation for justice agency. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit. Equivalent to CRIM 781.
Recommended Prerequisite: PUAD 511 and 612.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
PUAD 792: Advanced Seminar in Applied Public Administration Research. 3 credits.
An applied research experience. Students will apply skills in problem definition, issue framing, collection of data and information, interviewing, selection and analysis of alternatives, presentation of findings and recommendations, design of implementation tools and administrative procedures and organizations, report writing and oral presentation to policymakers. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: 30 PUAD credits and permission of instructor.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
PUAD 793: Conduct of Justice Organizations at the Street Level. 3 credits.
Explores how justice organizations behave at lowest levels, where service is delivered and discretion is greatest. Includes suspects, victims, witnesses, police officers, prison guards, parole officers, attorneys, and others who interact with the justice system. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit. Equivalent to CRIM 741.
Recommended Prerequisite: CRIM 740/PUAD 790 or permission of instructor.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
PUAD 794: Internship. 3 credits.
Open only to MPA students. Contact internship coordinator one semester before enrollment. Credit determined by the department. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the term for a maximum 6 credits.
Recommended Prerequisite: 12 PUAD credits or permission of instructor. Open only to MPA students. Enrollment is controlled. See http://pia.gmu.edu/internships for registration application.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Internship
PUAD 795: Leadership in Justice and Security Organizations. 3 credits.
Examines leadership theories, and explores fundamental questions about leadership in justice and security organizations today. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: CRIM 740, PUAD 790, or permission of instructor.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
PUAD 796: Directed Readings and Research. 1-3 credits.
Reading and research on specific topic under direction of faculty member. Written report is required; oral exam covering research and report may be required. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the term for a maximum 6 credits.
Recommended Prerequisite: 18 PUAD credits and Permission of Instructor.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Independent Study
PUAD 797: Changing Justice and Security Organizations. 3 credits.
Examines challenges of changing justice organizations, how changes have been successfully and unsuccessfully implemented in the past, and what change strategies appear to be most effective. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit. Equivalent to CRIM 743.
Recommended Prerequisite: CRIM 740, PUAD 790, or permission of instructor.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar

800 Level Courses

PUAD 821: Doctoral Seminar in Theories of Organization and Bureaucracy. 3 credits.
Examines key issues in organization theory and behavior. Issues include organization design; interorganizational coordination, intelligence and decision-making systems; leadership and motivation theories; and theories or organizations as agents of political and social change. Uses case studies. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: PUAD 520 or equivalent, or permission of instructor.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Schedule Type: Seminar
PUAD 840: Research Seminar in Policy Governance I. 2-4 credits.
Surveys major institutions that formulate and implement public policy in United States. Examines translation of public preferences into public policy, and decisions about which societal and economic functions are most appropriately carried out by governments, and which are best accomplished by private institutions and individuals. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit. Equivalent to PUBP 840.
Recommended Prerequisite: Admission to the doctoral program or permission of instructor.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Schedule Type: Seminar
PUAD 841: Research Seminar in Policy Governance II. 2-4 credits.
Second of two-semester sequence (PUAD 840, 841) in governance and public management policy concentration. Focuses on division of responsibilities among several levels of government, and between public and private sectors. Explores impact of these divisions on development of public policy in several policy areas, such as urban governance, environmental policy, and health care. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit. Equivalent to PUBP 841.
Recommended Prerequisite: Admission to doctoral program.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Schedule Type: Seminar

Public Policy (PUBP)

500 Level Courses

PUBP 500: Theory and Practice in Public Policy. 3 credits.
Theories of public policy emphasizing historical intellectual development, and role theory and ethics may play in public policy making. Assumptions made by policy professionals examined against broad range of philosophical, social, political, and economic imperatives affecting public policy environment. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 501: Policy and Organizational Analysis. 4 credits.
Prepares students to engage in systematic analysis, both qualitative and quantitative, and constitutes the basis for advanced analytical techniques. Emphasis on research design, information acquisition, application of data analysis techniques, and presentation, including writing for professional and lay audiences. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 502: Governance and Policy Processes. 1-4 credits.
Assesses governance processes in public and private organizational settings on the basis of economic and political standards such as efficiency, accountability, and responsiveness to societal needs in a rapidly changing global environment. Using cases, simulations, and fieldwork, students learn to evaluate the quality of institutional governance in specific venues and appraise implications for public policy. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 503: Culture, Organization, and Technology. 1-4 credits.
Focuses on the influence of culture in societal, political, economic, and technological processes, nationally and internationally. Culture is seen as dynamic and interactional. Using case studies, students learn pertinent approaches to the study of culture, from the analysis of organization and social networks to that of belief systems and identities. Students also develop practical skills in observation, participation, and intervention. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 504: Grand Strategy. 3 credits.
Uses the traditional tools of history and theory to analyze grand strategy. The goal is to gain an in-depth understanding of effective and ineffective grand strategies so as to inform U.S. policy, or that of other countries. Analyzing the strategic implications of policy-making, it takes a long view of effective statecraft, using current means to achieve large ends. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 505: Politics and Practice of International Security Policy. 3 credits.
Drawing on current and historical cases, this course develops knowledge, strategies, and skills required to transform policy ideas and proposals into implemented policy on issues of international security. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 506: Ethics and the Use of Force. 3 credits.
Explores the relationship between weapons and warfare and the ethical issues raised by the use of force, both in past conflicts and in a current and future context. Examines the relationship between emerging technology enabled weapons and the just war tradition. Studies relevant theories of war and selected international laws and conventions governing war and weapons. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 511: Statistical Methods in Policy Analysis. 3 credits.
Introduces students to the range of quantitative methods used for public policy analysis. Provides a broad foundation to prepare students for doing statistical analysis on the master's level. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit. Equivalent to GOVT 511, PUAD 511.
Registration Restrictions:

Required Prerequisite: minimum score of 1 in 'Statistical Screening Exam'.

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 533: Topics in Public Policy Processes. 1-3 credits.
Focuses on selected topics in public policy processes and procedures on an introductory level. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the term for a maximum 6 credits.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 550: Topics in Public Policy. 1-3 credits.
Focuses on selected topics in public policy not covered in fixed-content public policy courses. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the term.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 555: Economics Math Workshop. 0 credits.
Short course covering math and calculus skills required for master's level managerial economics course PUBP720. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the degree.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Enrollment limited to students in the Schar School of Policy and Gov college.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 556: Writing Workshop. 0 credits.
A limited enrollment, noncredit, one-day workshop designed for master-level public policy students who want to improve their writing skills. Aimed at good writers who want to move to the next level of effectiveness. Taught by professional writers. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the term.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Enrollment limited to students in the Schar School of Policy and Gov college.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 570: Policy Writing Fundamentals. 3 credits.
Designed for entering students whose writing skills and style must satisfy the demands of a rigorous graduate program; aims to give students the ability and confidence to write clearly and concisely for a variety of policy audiences; reviews basic rules and develops essential techniques for effective writing in graduate school and beyond. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar

600 Level Courses

PUBP 601: Theory and Practice of Regional Economic Development. 3 credits.
Helps students develop real-world skills to be a successful economic developer, consultant, policymaker, or change agent in this rapidly changing environment. Designed to provide a framework for understanding regional and national economic growth and prosperity, and provide tools to conduct concrete analyses to help decision makers, clients, and constituents make better-informed decisions. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 602: Regional Economic Development: Strategies and Applications. 3 credits.
Introduces range of methods for tracking the performance of metropolitan economies, identifying opportunities for economic development, and assessing effectiveness of public and private investments designed to achieve region's economic growth. Also examines strategies and case results of economic development plans and projects. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 605: State and Local Government Policy and Economic Development. 3 credits.
Examines state and local government policies and processes to promote local economic development, including institutional arrangements, financing and tax incentives, nonfinancial strategies and approaches, land use, environmental and other relevant regulations, and relationships across government and nongovernmental organizations. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 610: Organizations, Management, and Work: Theory and Practice. 2 credits.
This introduction to organizations, management, and work examines ideas and practices from two perspectives: conventional ones that go back to the industrial age and scientific management; and contemporary ones that have to do with organizing knowledge-work. Covers contributions of a range of writers and deals with foundations of OD from the standpoint of both theory and practice. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 611: Critical Infrastructure Protection in Theory, Policy and Practice. 2 credits.
Introduces critical infrastructure protection as a policy field, examines its institutional framework, and considers its foundations in political and economic theory. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 650: International Conflict and Crisis Response. 3 credits.
First course of two-semester sequence on international peace operations. Focuses on emerging theory of peace operations, including peacemaking activities of United Nations and other diplomatic initiatives; peace-building activities of international organizations and nongovernmental organizations; and peace support provided by international militaries. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 651: Peace and Stabilization Operations. 3 credits.
Second course of two-semester sequence on international peace operations. Focuses on application of emerging theory of peace operations, including peace-making activities of United Nations and other diplomatic initiatives; peace-building activities of international organizations and nongovernmental organizations; and peace support provided by international militaries. Several guest lectures from past and present peace operations provide practical information for future staff of peace operations. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 652: Strategies for Peace and Stabilization Operations. 4 credits.
This course concentrates on the institutional mindsets, characteristics, and behaviors of the actors involved in peace operations. Readings, role-plays, and research underpin the class. Special attention is also paid to developing students' graduate-level research and writing skills. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 653: Interagency Operations in Conflict and Post-Conflict Settings. 3 credits.
Examines the U.S. Interagency process as it relates to peace operations. Various departments and agencies maintaining equities in overseas missions will be identified and explored. Case studies highlight instances of success or failure in application of a "whole-of-government" approach to intervention. Examines significant problems hampering Interagency cooperation today and recent policy directives, frameworks, and initiatives developed to address this situation. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 654: Analysis for Peace Operations. 3 credits.
Examines theories of human behavior and social systems as they relate to conflict at the interpersonal, community, and international level. The class provides a foundation of academic thinking about the role of conflict in violent and peaceful social change. At the end of the course, students should be able to think systematically and critically about conflict, and engage in practical application of conflict analysis techniques to peace operations. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 655: State- and Institution-Building. 4 credits.
Ending prolonged civil conflicts often necessitates building stronger state institutions as well as addressing broader social, economic, and political issues affecting particular places and peoples. This course examines the literatures on state formation and state building from a historic, regional, and functional perspective paying special attention to polities exiting civil conflicts. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 680: Topics: Advanced Skills for Policy Professionals. 1-3 credits.
Practical seminar focusing on development of advanced qualitative and quantitative skills for the professional policy world. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the term.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy, Graduate, Non Degree or Senior Plus.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate, Non-Degree or Undergraduate level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar

700 Level Courses

PUBP 700: Theory and Practice in Public Policy. 1-4 credits.
Theories of public policy emphasizing historical intellectual development, and role theory and ethics may play in public policy making. Assumptions made by policy professionals examined against broad range of philosophical, social, political, and economic imperatives affecting public policy environment. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 702: Comparing Political Institutions. 3 credits.
Examines political institutions and processes from comparative and international perspectives, and role of political environment in economic trade and investment policy decisions. Examines how generalizability, objective knowledge and understanding, and nature of evidence impact public policy. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 704: Statistical Methods in Policy Analysis. 3 credits.
Graduate-level introduction to statistical methods and techniques used in policy sciences. Topics include descriptive statistics, sampling and probability theory, graphical data display, estimation and significance testing, contingency tables, bivariate regression and correlation, and multiple regression, with introduction to computer based statistical analysis. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 705: Advanced Statistical Methods in Policy Analysis. 3 credits.
Covers classical regression methods and their application to public policy analysis. Includes simple and multiple regression, analysis of variance, time series, and simultaneous equation structural models. Problems associated with applications include specification error, multicollinearity, qualitative variables, heteroskedasticity, serial correlation, and structural identification. Course develops analysis skills by discussing sample empirical studies and models using advance statistical computer software. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit. Equivalent to PUAD 612.
Registration Restrictions:

Required Prerequisites: PUBP 511B-, GOVT 511B- or PUAD 511B-.
B- Requires minimum grade of B-.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 707: Budget Decision Making: Concepts and Practices in Economic and Financial Analyses. 3 credits.
Studies analytical concepts and techniques used in public-sector overall budgetary and specific project decision making. Includes conceptual concerns and quantitative techniques used in benefit-cost analysis, capital budgeting, financial analysis, and various specialty applications, such as economic and fiscal impact analysis. These are all interrelated by the desire to measure the benefits versus the costs of various alternative public decisions. Attention is given to measuring results over time and the use of present value techniques. Assesses strengths and weaknesses of analytical techniques. Emphasizes the process of defining the appropriate stakeholders affected by decisions, the sources and quality of data, and the rigor of conducting studies. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 709: Professional Writing for Policy. 3 credits.
Professional Writing teaches effective writing for the professions. The course includes the fundamentals of writing -- grammar, word usage and paragraphing ? and instruction in selected genres, including news stories, editorials, and research writing. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Post-Baccalaureate or Non-Degree Undergraduate degrees may not enroll.

Enrollment limited to students in the Schar School of Policy and Gov college.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 710: Topics in Public Policy. 1-3 credits.
Focuses on selected topics in public policy not covered by fixed-content public policy courses. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the term for a maximum 15 credits.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 712: Policy Systems Analysis and Management Science. 3 credits.
Introduces analytical models and analysis to support decisions. Primary emphasis on understanding techniques of operation research and management science, cost benefits, and cost effectiveness for public decision making. Using mathematical details of algorithms to solve models not emphasized except as it contributes to understanding reliability and validity of methodologies. Through case studies and computer solutions, offers appreciation of when, where, and how to use models. Students demonstrate their understanding of techniques by applying them to term research project on government program. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 713: Policy and Program Evaluation. 3 credits.
Examines how programs of public agencies are proposed, established, operated, and evaluated. Covers role of research in program evaluation process, including alternative methodologies for policy assessment. Considers demand estimation, supply and pricing of publicly produced goods and services, and role of subsidies in nonmarket environments. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit. Equivalent to PUAD 646.
Registration Restrictions:

Required Prerequisites: PUBP 511B-, GOVT 511B- or PUAD 511B-.
B- Requires minimum grade of B-.

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 714: Topics in Transportation Policy, Operations, and Logistics. 1-3 credits.
Issues in transportation policy, operations and logistics in United States and abroad. Includes practical applications of theories and analysis to policy problems, and emphasizes competence in improving policy in selected domains. May be taken up to three times and simultaneously for sections addressing different subject matter. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the term for a maximum 9 credits.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 715: Introduction to Transportation Systems. 3 credits.
Transportation is a service that contributes substantially to well-being of advanced economies. Resource requirements and byproducts of transportation also pose sobering environmental challenges for society. Course examines history and development of transportation systems; contribution to and impact on society; institutions and practices that govern planning, design, construction, operation, maintenance, and retirement from service; and policy and managerial challenges, and tools and techniques for addressing them. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 716: Transportation Operations and Logistics. 3 credits.
Provides survey of issues, methods, problems, and strategies. Topics include origins of logistics, industry structure, pricing, underwriting, rate making, compliance, inventory effects, just-in-time inventory management (JIT), materials requirements planning (MRP), customer service and order processing operations, sales functions and operations, dispatch and fleet manager functions and operations, rate-setting among three parties, typical electronic and paper document flow, routing and scheduling, route selection, satellite load tracking through dispatch-customer web inquiry, role of ITS in route selection, toll system use, congestion, training activities, and logistics markets. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 717: Analysis for Transportation Managers. 4 credits.
Introduces basic methods of transportation analysis and evaluation relating them to policy framework. Covers descriptive statistics, hypothesis testing, contingency tables (Chi-Square analysis), regression, optimization, demand elasticities, and gravity model. Also covers sources of transportation data and research design. Teaches mathematical base and logic of each technique, but primary emphasis is applying methods to relevant policy and management problems. Students required to complete series of assignments along with research proposal focused on applying one or more methods to problem of their own interest. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 718: Transportation Planning and Policy. 3 credits.
Introduces highway, rail, air, and water transport planning in United States. Teaches legislative, organizational, fiscal, legal and political environment within which planning for transportation facilities and services takes place. Introduce technical and analytical methods for transportation planning. Focus is largely on public sector, but also considers commercial transport planning and role of private sector in helping to design, manage, and finance transport systems. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 719: Transportation Law. 3 credits.
Examines legal environment of transportation. Topics include basic legal concepts and institutions, history and evolution of price and service regulation, environmental law and regulation, labor relations, and property. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 720: Managerial Economics and Policy Analysis. 3 credits.
Introduces microeconomics theory and its application in analyzing public policy issues. Provides capability to understand economic literature and theories. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 721: Transportation Economics. 3 credits.
Provides basis for understanding economics of transport system, and how transportation relates to urban and regional development. Treats transport generically, but includes case studies of specific modes. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 722: Practicum in Transportation Policy, Operations, and Logistics. 3 credits.
In-depth field study of ongoing transportation policy, operations, or logistics situations; and design and delivery of actions to manage or resolve problems and opportunities. Range of application areas depends on interests of student body and opportunities faculty identify for "clients" or real-world projects. Illustrative domain areas include surface transportation (highways and transit), airports, and aviation. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 723: Metropolitan Transportation Policy. 3 credits.
Recent changes in federal legislation have led to renewed importance for transportation policy and planning. Considerations of clean air, economic development, congestion management, and changing urban form have greatly increased importance of well-planned transportation facilities and policies. Course introduces basic methods of transportation policy analysis and evaluation. Topics include data collection, simplified demand estimation techniques, transportation choice modeling, transportation supply analysis, and ex-ante and ex-post evaluation methods. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 726: Telecommunications Policy. 3 credits.
Examines salient issues associated with telecommunications and electronic commerce in context of public policy questions facing decision makers in government, education, and business. Examples include privacy, electronic signatures, digital divide, bandwidth auctions, IP telephony, CRM, Bluetooth, and Internet taxation. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 730: US Institutions and the Policy Process. 3 credits.
Explores the United States constitutional system of government, including the principal governmental and non-governmental institutions shaping American public policy. Investigates the national policy making process and the interplay between politics and policy. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 731: Macroeconomic Policy Assessment. 3 credits.
Covers monetary theory, theories of consumption and saving, budget deficits, economic growth, international finance, and monetary and fiscal policy. Investigates national income and product accounts, savings, employment, and investment, and alternatives to Keynesian principles. Evaluates theories of inflation, investment, capital accumulation, and nonproportional growth. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 732: Labor Markets and Policies. 3 credits.
Analysis of labor market issues and policies, including those affecting employment, wages, working conditions, and unemployment -- issues central to current policy debates on job creation, inequality, discrimination, immigration, education, and social programs. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 733: Urban Politics and Policy. 3 credits.
This course explores the factors that guide and affect urban politics and policy including, but not limited to, housing, public education, criminal justice, employment, and economic development. It is designed to provide students with an introduction to the major theories and some of the significant research in urban politics and policy. The primary focus will be on large American cities. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 734: Administrative Law and Public Policy. 3 credits.
Covers administrative discretion, rule-making and agency proceedings, public participation, political accountability, regulatory processes, oversight, formal adjudication and informal action, lobbying agency administrators, and political and legal nature of the administrative process. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 735: Lobbying and Interest Representation. 3 credits.
To work effectively within a democratic political environment, policy analyst must understand contemporary methods used to influence policy. Course focuses on roles and techniques of organized influence, and its impact on policy. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 736: International Migration and Public Policy. 3 credits.
Examines demographic, economic, political, and social forces driving international migration on a global basis in the twenty-first century. Considers policy responses within sending and receiving countries and at the global level, including the role of international cooperation and institution-building. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 737: Cases and Concepts in E-Government. 3 credits.
Electronic government has become a significant public policy issue worldwide. It offers the prospect of dramatic improvements in delivering government services, but also portends major debate about government intrusion. Course covers emerging public policy issues associated with electronic government: job displacement in public sector, privacy, procurement and supply chain management, voter profiling, scope of government services, challenges to "digital democracy," Internet-based voting, land management, the "digital divide," and others. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 739: Media and Public Policy. 3 credits.
Explores complex relationship between media and public policy. Examines how these forces collide in our modern media, how coverage decisions regarding public policy are made in newsrooms, how advocates use and rely on the media to advance message, and how different media reflect different strengths and vulnerabilities. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 740: U.S. Foreign Policy: Formulation and Practice. 3 credits.
Focuses on policy formulation and policy implementation. The principal arenas of foreign policy are explored, including the White House, the State Department, the defense and intelligence communities, and the Congressional committees. These arenas are both affected by and influential upon the exogenous systems, such as the media, public opinion, interest groups, foreign governments, and international organizations. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 741: U.S. Financial Policy Processes and Procedures. 3 credits.
Examines design and operation of expenditure and revenue systems at federal, state, and local levels of U.S. government. Stresses mobilizing and allocating resources through planning, adoption, and execution of budget. Includes theory and policy objectives of tax and spending regimes and review of financial controls, performance measurement, cash and debt management, and accounting and financial reporting systems. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: PUBP 720.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 742: Transportation Safety and Security. 3 credits.
Examines transportation safety and security from multimodal perspective for both passenger and freight. Topics include historical context and policy framework, regulation, institutional issues, new security arrangements for preventing organized terrorist attacks, infrastructure design, vehicle design, operating protocols, and information systems. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 743: National Security Management and Policy. 3 credits.
Examines hierarchies in national security from the president to military establishment, including National Security Council, secretary of defense, joint chiefs of staff, commanders-in-chief of unified and specified commands, and intelligence agencies. Covers policies involving national defense, peace-keeping operations, embargoes and other sanctions, defense conversion, and military acquisition policy. Also covers significant legislation affecting national security, such as National Security Act of 1947 and Goldwater-Nichols Act of 1986. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 744: Federal Institutions and Management. 3 credits.
Covers management and policy in federal government, examining policy problems within context of national system of governance, including political environment, evolution and constitutional framework of American government, U.S. Congress, executive branch from White House to agencies, and role of interest groups and political parties. Special attention to implementing legislation, regulatory process, and intergovernmental relations. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 745: Transportation and the Environment. 3 credits.
Multidisciplinary examination of implications of transportation and ways public policy has attempted to handle them, and how policy may move in the future. Explores all modes of transportation and most environmental ramifications. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 747: Air Transportation Policy, Operations and Logistics. 3 credits.
Reviews evolution of various forms of air transport such as airlines, general aviation, and military aviation; and includes basics of airline economics, especially as they intersect with airline operations and the management of hub and spoke networks; air traffic control technologies and operations and their intersection with airline economics; safety and security technologies and regulations; future of various elements of air transportation; and effects of deregulation on air travel. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 748: Public Transportation Policy, Operations and Logistics. 3 credits.
Provides general system description for components comprising typical publicly funded transit property. Topics include organizational structure, historical context, budget development including operating and capital budgets, personnel and labor relations, regulatory framework, operations management (bus and commuter rail), reporting structure, customer service, and contracted operations. Also discusses current topics of interest, such as security of transit systems and transit's role in air quality. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 750: History of Military Operations Other than War. 3 credits.
Focuses on history of military activity in support of noncombat missions. Uses historical examples of early days of United States and colonial histories of Western and Eastern powers. Also touches on use of military force in support of multinational peace operations. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 751: International Police Operations. 3 credits.
Analyzes role of international police monitors and domestic police forces in international peace operations. Focuses on how using international police monitors and developing indigenous law-enforcement capabilities can improve prospects for success of international peace operations. Examines origins, mandates, planning, and deployment of international civilian police forces; problems of coordinating international police operations with international military forces and local security forces; international role in developing democratically oriented police forces; relationship of police to the entire judicial system; and the need to continue assistance to all parts of the judicial system beyond initial intervention. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 752: Infrastructure Finance. 3 credits.
Covers planning, budgeting, and financing of infrastructure, including air, water and surface transportation, public utilities, and other major public works. Focuses on private capital markets for projects funding as well as domestic and international loan and grant programs. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 753: Ethics in Public Policy. 3 credits.
Inquiry into ethical and moral issues in public policy. Explores issues that are controversial and often confusing to public policy makers such as health care, secrecy in government, surrogate motherhood, and disability. Perspectives are national as well as global, and deal with impact of culture and politics on ethical dilemmas confronting society. Also looks at processes by which specific ethical systems are incorporated into governing bodies. Larger issues, such as war and peace, just and unjust wars, capital punishment, medical and legal ethics, and communitarian vs. individual liberties are also included, with emphasis on how they affect public policy. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 754: Geographic Information Systems and Spatial Analysis for Public Policy. 3 credits.
Introduces GIS including analytical tools to manipulate and study spatial data. Run mainly as a laboratory, with extensive hands-on experience. Focuses on public policy applications. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
PUBP 755: National Security Decision-Making Policy. 3 credits.
Applies behavioral, economic, strategic, and other decision theories to U.S. government and other actors in historical national security crisis cases and current policy issues. Explores tension in decisions between rational goal seeking by actors vs. organizational process, and aims to develop usable decision tools. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 756: Global Medical Systems Policy Analysis. 3 credits.
Equips students with knowledge and skills to critically analyze structures, functions, governing policies, and performance of healthcare systems; to identify problems and solutions; and to devise alternative courses of action and reform policies that would contribute to achieving goals. Prepares students in policy analysis rooted in systems analysis, while linking issues, objectives, and solutions with the larger context in which a system is embedded. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 757: Public Policy in Global Health and Medical Practice. 3 credits.
Introduces international medical policy. Covers globalization of health and medical policies directed at removing disparities, financing, ethical considerations of biomedical research, and use of emerging technologies. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 758: Global Threats and Medical Policies. 3 credits.
Explores medical and health governance, biosecurity and biosafety, health and natural and human-made disasters, humanitarian and emergency assistance, vaccine development, behavior and health, critical infrastructures, bioethics and resource allocations in global context. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
PUBP 759: National Security Law and Public Policy. 3 credits.
Introduces legal and policy issues concerning current U.S. national security. Its emphasis is on developments since 9/11. It focuses on the legal rules governing the formulation and execution of U.S. national security policy. It examines U.S. and international law as well as general domestic and foreign policy considerations. In particular, the course considers the principal cases, legislation and treaties impacting U.S. national security. Special emphasis is on the interplay of national security concerns and civil liberties in this age of global and transnational terrorism. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 760: Science and Technology Policy in the 21st Century. 3 credits.
Investigates roles dynamic scientific research and technological innovation play in contemporary society. Focuses on design and analysis of alternative public policies intended to influence rate and direction of technological change in societies, and use of scientific and technical knowledge in public policy making. Uses historical and international comparative approaches to assess politics and pragmatics of science and technology policy. Includes material from policy evaluation and analysis, organization theory, economics of innovation, and sociology of science and technology. Applications focus on areas of concern to "new economy" such as biotechnology, networked telecommunications and computing, and globalization of technology-based production. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 761: Social Entrepreneurship and Public Policy. 3 credits.
This course is about people who start new ventures with the explicit objective of creating social as well as private value. As societies and the challenges they face become ever more complex, existing institutions and incentive structures may or may not be adequate to address new generations of problems. Social entrepreneurs innovate new organizational forms with the objective of finding solutions in the public interest. Students in this course will be challenged to integrate elements of business strategy and policy analysis towing the objective of crafting a practical plan for the launch of a novel and needed social venture. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 762: Social Institutions and Public Policy. 3 credits.
Limited government involvement in social policies changed drastically during the 1960s, with an explosion of social programs designed to ameliorate poverty, reduce crime, and eliminate racial segregation. These new social policies affect many institutions, including family, schools and colleges, criminal justice system, and government agencies. Many of these policies have been controversial, with debates over efficacy and whether they have cured or exacerbated social problems. Course examines evolution and status of selected American social policies, including civil rights policies, education reform, family policy, crime prevention, and other topics chosen by students. Readings and discussions on policy issues linked to readings and discussions on social theories and value systems that underpin social policies. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 763: Illicit Trade. 3 credits.
Examines the role that illicit trade assumes in international trade and commerce. Studies diverse international forms of illicit trade, the role that it assumes in perpetuating conflicts and the most pervasive forms of this illicit trade. Examines the actors who perpetrate this trade and the policies which are needed to stem its growth. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 764: Transnational Crime and Corruption. 3 credits.
Provides an overview of transnational crime and corruption and its effects on the political, economic, and social development of countries globally. Focuses on the growing problem of transnational crime in conflict regions. The course addresses the links among crime groups, corruption and terrorism. It analyzes diverse range of activities of transnational crime groups in both the legitimate and illegitimate economy. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 765: Human Smuggling and Trafficking. 3 credits.
Examines the rapidly growing phenomenon of human smuggling and trafficking. Addresses the reasons for the growth of these phenomena and their far-reaching and diverse social, political and economic consequences globally. Transnational crime dimensions of the problem are a central component of the class. The phenomenon is examined in conflict regions, developing, diverse developed as well as transitional societies. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 766: Modern Counterinsurgency: Theory and Practice. 3 credits.
This course is intended to give students a broad understanding of the nature of counterinsurgency, the policy implications of the U.S. becoming involved in an insurgency, and the multifaceted, interagency approach that is required to successfully combat an insurgency. The course includes case studies, a review of contemporary U.S. counterinsurgency practices, and insights on what the future might hold in this important type of conflict. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 767: Global Comparative Medical Practices, Ethics and Law. 3 credits.
Examines major ethical issues raised in medical practice around the world. Studies issues comparatively and applies various ethical frameworks to study them. Considers various legal and policy solutions derived to deal with them. Principles of biomedical ethics as well as consideration of several major schools of thought in political philosophy, including utilitarianism, libertarianism and communitarianism will be considered. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 768: Education and Public Policy (Topic Varies). 3 credits.
Explores current issues and policy initiatives in education policy at federal, state, and local levels, with emphasis on education reform. Issues and topics vary. Typical policy issues include raising academic standards, high-stakes testing, alternative governance including school choice and voucher policies, teacher quality and certification, role of school resources in academic outputs, and equity topics. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 769: Political Violence and Terrorism. 3 credits.
Examines the persistent threat of terrorism and political violence to international stability generally, and U.S. national security interests in particular. Provides students with a long-term analytical and substantive foundation to deepen their knowledge and effectiveness as policy-makers in national security, diplomacy, homeland security, law enforcement, humanitarian law, peace operations, postconflict reconstruction, development assistance, public diplomacy and other related areas. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 770: Global Health and Medical Policy Analysis. 3 credits.
Prepares students in global health and medical policy analysis with a focus on processes, roles, expenditures, alternatives and tradeoffs in different country settings. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 775: Economics of Electronic Commerce. 3 credits.
Focuses on gaining competitive advantage through electronic commerce implementation; identification and growing of new market opportunities and electronic enabling of existing business relationships; and business-to-consumer relationships and economics of strategic procurement, ERP hosting, customer relationship management, catalog hosting, portal operations, and supplier management. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 777: Critical Infrastructure Protection: Policy and Practice. 3 credits.
Introduces critical infrastructure protection and resilience as a policy field, examines its governance framework, and considers its foundations in institutional theory and risk analysis. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 780: Evolution of the Washington Metropolitan Economy. 3 credits.
Includes historical context, role of federal spending, tourism, technology sector, international business, regional organizations, local government policies, and forecasts. Evaluates development patterns in Washington, D.C., Northern Virginia, and suburban Maryland. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 781: Entrepreneurship and Economic Development. 3 credits.
A knowledge spillover theory of entrepreneurship is employed to link between theories of entrepreneurship and theories of innovation and regional development. Other interconnections are explored at the regional level as firms forge networks, clusters, and specialized markets. The public policy issues of these constructs, including competition policy, industrial policy, and cluster policy, are examined within a regional and global context. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
PUBP 782: International Financial Policy. 3 credits.
Addresses theory of international finance, application to financial policy such as exchange rate regimes, and institutions of international finance. Covers operations of International Monetary Fund and World Bank, development of European Monetary Union, and debate over "international financial architecture." Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 783: Global Governance. 3 credits.
Surveys important issues in global governance given changes in contemporary world. Explores dynamics and complexity of formal and informal actors, institutional arrangements, organizations, and roles in process of governance in international sphere. Considers states, governmental and nongovernmental organizations, international regimes, social movements, regional associations, and multinational corporations as actors bearing on transnational authority. Examines various vehicles for international coordination and conflict in terms of relevance and opportunities for global governance. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 784: Entrepreneurship, Economics, and Public Policy. 3 credits.
To demonstrate that global capitalism is a process driven by entrepreneurship, students study the Austrian school of economics, which views capitalism as a process of creative destruction, as well as other economists who emphasize entrepreneurship and change. The course reviews the history of capitalism, focusing on the so-called industrial revolutions in Britain, Germany, Japan, and the United States, and on particular historical and current entrepreneurs. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 791: Advanced Field Research for Policy: Theory and Method. 4 credits.
Teaches how to analyze the framing of policy questions and examine culture and organization at group, organizational, interorganizational, and societal levels. Covers case study research, open-ended interviewing, participant-observation, social network analysis, and historical and archival research. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
PUBP 792: Advanced Economic Analysis for Policy Research. 4 credits.
Builds analytical skills in economic analysis for policy research for students with competence in elementary calculus. Reviews mathematical techniques and covers consumer theory, demand estimation and forecasting, production theory, cost-benefit analysis, technological change and productivity analysis, growth theory, market structure and competition, game theory, capital budgeting, and public sector's role in the economy. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: PUBP 720 or equivalent.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
PUBP 793: Large-Scale Database Construction and Management for Policy Research. 4 credits.
Explores data resources for macro-comparative policy research, and how to use these to inform decision making and evaluate policy performance. Emphasizes how social science data is generated, coded, and managed; and methods for successful presentation of evidence in support of policy recommendations. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Seminar
PUBP 794: Internship. 1-6 credits.
Open only to students in a Schar degree program requiring internship. Contact appropriate program director one semester before enrollment. Work-study programs with specific employers. Notes: Credit determined by appropriate degree program. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the term for a maximum 6 credits.
Recommended Prerequisite: 12 PUBP credits or Permission of Instructor.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Internship
PUBP 795: Final Project. 1-3 credits.
Project developed drawing on key themes of the program, in consultation with the program director. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Independent Study
PUBP 796: Directed Readings and Research. 1-3 credits.
Independent reading and research at master's or doctoral level on specific topic related to public policy as agreed to by student and faculty member. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the term for a maximum 12 credits.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Independent Study
PUBP 799: Master's Thesis. 1-6 credits.
Individualized section form required. Original research endeavor related to student's program concentration. Research must result in document meeting public policy and university standards. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the degree.
Recommended Prerequisite: Degree candidacy in a Public Policy Master's program, completion of required credits of graduate course work, and approval of a thesis proposal by the faculty advisor, two committee members, and the program director.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate or Non-Degree level students.

Students in a Non-Degree Undergraduate degree may not enroll.

Schedule Type: Thesis

800 Level Courses

PUBP 800: Culture and Public Policy. 1-4 credits.
Comparative analysis of the role of culture in shaping policy environments and outcomes. Introduces analytical methods for studying culture, including measurement of social and cultural change, surveys, and field studies. Presents major findings and research issues regarding the role of culture in democracy, ethnic and gender relations, economic growth and other policy issues. Focuses on differences among national and regional cultures, and their policy implications. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Enrollment limited to students in a Doctor of Philosophy degree.

Enrollment limited to students in the Schar School of Policy and Gov college.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 801: Research Design for Public Policy. 1-4 credits.
Provides an introduction to the theory and practice of research in public policy. Gives students an understanding of issues in the philosophy of science and different approaches to social science research. Provides broad overviews of quantitative and qualitative methodologies, with a major emphasis on research design, including conceptualization, the role of theory, hypothesis generation, inference and bias. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: PUPB 720 and PUBP 730, or their equivalents strongly recommended.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Enrollment limited to students in a Doctor of Philosophy degree.

Enrollment limited to students in the Schar School of Policy and Gov college.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 802: The Logic of Policy Inquiry. 1-4 credits.
Defines policy research problems, questions, and hypotheses. Explores modes of policy research, analysis, and rhetoric, including interdisciplinary research strategies. Uses information sources to emphasize written communication of policy research results. Also discusses professional practice issues. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Enrollment limited to students in a Doctor of Philosophy degree.

Enrollment limited to students in the Schar School of Policy and Gov college.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 804: Multivariate Statistical Analysis in Public Policy. 4 credits.
Explores multivariate techniques of contingency table analysis, reliability and validity assessment, factor analysis and scaling, multivariate regression and path analysis, analysis of variance and covariance, and other selected multivariate techniques. Emphasizes applying these techniques to real policy data using sophisticated statistical packages. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: PUBP 704 or equivalent.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Enrollment limited to students in a Doctor of Philosophy degree.

Enrollment limited to students in the Schar School of Policy and Gov college.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 805: Foundations of Social Science for Public Policy. 4 credits.
Grounds doctoral students in core concepts of political science and economics through critical analysis of classic sources, old and new. Topics may include theory of the state, state-market relations, democratic governance, markets and economic institutions, and other relevant frameworks for public policy research. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: PUBP 730 or equivalent.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Enrollment limited to students in a Doctor of Philosophy degree.

Enrollment limited to students in the Schar School of Policy and Gov college.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 806: Advanced Management Science for Public Organizations. 3 credits.
Primary emphasis is to understand techniques of operations research and management science, cost benefits, and cost effectiveness for public policy decision making. Some familiarity with elementary calculus and linear algebra helps with understanding mathematical basis of algorithms used to solve models, and reliability and validity of these techniques. Case studies and computer solutions help students understand when and how to use OR models. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: PUBP 712 or equivalent.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Enrollment limited to students in a Doctor of Philosophy degree.

Enrollment limited to students in the Schar School of Policy and Gov college.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 810: Regional Development and Transportation Policy. 4 credits.
Introduces and critiques theory and methods used in regional and transportation policy analysis. Explores central place, growth pole, and economic base theories as well as other theoretical constructs used in regional policy analysis. Introduces and examines methodological tools such as regional econometric modeling, multiobjective programming, shift-share analysis, economic base analysis, location quotient analysis, and input-output analysis. Examines selected regional and transportation public issues using theoretical and methodological constructs. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Enrollment limited to students in a Doctor of Philosophy degree.

Enrollment limited to students in the Schar School of Policy and Gov college.

Schedule Type: Seminar
PUBP 811: Applied Methods in Regional Development and Transportation Policy. 4 credits.
Students develop research papers that investigate aspect of regional and transportation policy, with goal of producing publishable papers. Students are expected to prepare two-page proposal followed by detailed proposal and finally, completed paper. Each is critiqued in the seminar, which is organized to conform to process of review and critique. Instructor works with students individually as well as in seminar sessions. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Enrollment limited to students in a Doctor of Philosophy degree.

Enrollment limited to students in the Schar School of Policy and Gov college.

Schedule Type: Seminar
PUBP 817: Policy Research Topics: Transportation Policy. 3 credits.
Research workshop examining development of policy research and relevant methodologies linked directly to faculty and student interests. Students identify cutting-edge policy concerns and execute research program. The 4-credit version of course requires discussion section and research laboratory. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Enrollment limited to students in a Doctor of Philosophy degree.

Enrollment limited to students in the Schar School of Policy and Gov college.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 820: Technology, Science, and Innovation: Institutions and Governance. 4 credits.
Explores how political and economic institutions and cultural values shape pace, direction, costs, and benefits of technological innovation and scientific research. Special emphasis on interaction between national institutions, and values and processes of globalization. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Enrollment limited to students in a Doctor of Philosophy degree.

Enrollment limited to students in the Schar School of Policy and Gov college.

Schedule Type: Seminar
PUBP 821: Analytic Methods for Technology, Science, and Innovation Policy. 4 credits.
Covers major methodological approaches to study of technology, science, innovation, and public policy. Focuses on analytical inputs to policy making, and assesses practical consequences in such areas as security, energy, environment, and health. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Enrollment limited to students in a Doctor of Philosophy degree.

Enrollment limited to students in the Schar School of Policy and Gov college.

Schedule Type: Seminar
PUBP 830: Comparative Socioeconomic Policy. 1-4 credits.
Throughout the past century, numerous socioeconomic theories have competed for primacy. This course compares, contrasts, and analyzes some of the leading socioeconomic theories and policies and places them in a global context. The role of these theories in shaping current public policy is explored. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit. Equivalent to ECON 676.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Enrollment limited to students in a Doctor of Philosophy degree.

Enrollment limited to students in the Schar School of Policy and Gov college.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 833: Topics in Public Policy. 1-4 credits.
Focuses on selected topics in public policy not covered in fixed-content public policy courses. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the term for a maximum 9 credits.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Enrollment limited to students in a Doctor of Philosophy degree.

Enrollment limited to students in the Schar School of Policy and Gov college.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 834: Entrepreneurship, Growth, and Public Policy. 1-4 credits.
Focuses on a closer consonance among entrepreneurship, geography, and economic growth. Studies the creation and incubation of new knowledge and features three theoretical fields: the new growth theory; the new economic geography; and the new economics of innovation. Develops a knowledge spillover theory of entrepreneurship. Examines public policy issues arising from these constructs, including competition, within a regional and global context. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Enrollment limited to students in a Doctor of Philosophy degree.

Enrollment limited to students in the Schar School of Policy and Gov college.

Schedule Type: Seminar
PUBP 835: Entrepreneurship, Creativity, and Innovation. 1-4 credits.
Provides multidisciplinary foundation for the study of entrepreneurship, creativity, and innovation, and their effects on regional and national economic growth. Draws from seminal thinkers and emphasizes creativity and innovation. Examines how organizational change, institutional structure, and geographic clustering drive the development of regional and national economies. Explores these issues through the lens of the three Ts of economic growth: technology, talent, and tolerance. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Enrollment limited to students in a Doctor of Philosophy degree.

Enrollment limited to students in the Schar School of Policy and Gov college.

Schedule Type: Seminar
PUBP 840: U.S. Policy-Making Institutions. 4 credits.
Examines major institutions that formulate and implement policy at national level. Emphasizes presidency, Congress, and executive branch bureaucracies. Also considers agenda-building institutions such as media, interest groups, political parties, and elections. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit. Equivalent to PUAD 840.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Enrollment limited to students in a Doctor of Philosophy degree.

Enrollment limited to students in the Schar School of Policy and Gov college.

Schedule Type: Seminar
PUBP 841: U.S. Policy-Making Processes. 4 credits.
Analyzes major U.S. public policy processes. Attention to major instruments for implementing policy, including regulation, grants, tax policy, and market-based mechanisms; and how different methodologies are appropriate for understanding aspects of policy inquiry. Covers ethical and accountability aspects of policy, including federalism, intergovernmental relations, and state and local governance. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit. Equivalent to PUAD 841.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Enrollment limited to students in a Doctor of Philosophy degree.

Enrollment limited to students in the Schar School of Policy and Gov college.

Schedule Type: Seminar
PUBP 850: Seminar in Public Policy. 1 credit.
Weekly colloquium series, required of public policy PhD students. Features variety of speakers from universities, government, and nonprofit sectors. Topics include policy formulation and analysis, and theoretical and methodological foundation. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the term for a maximum 4 credits.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Enrollment limited to students in a Doctor of Philosophy degree.

Enrollment limited to students in the Schar School of Policy and Gov college.

Schedule Type: Seminar
PUBP 860: Social Theory, Culture, and Public Policy. 4 credits.
Covers major social and cultural theories that underlie public policies. Selections from classical and contemporary social theorists relevant to studying social change, social capital, and social organization. Focuses on interplay among culture, social institutions, social processes, and policy. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Enrollment limited to students in a Doctor of Philosophy degree.

Enrollment limited to students in the Schar School of Policy and Gov college.

Schedule Type: Seminar
PUBP 861: Culture and Social Policy Analysis. 4 credits.
Applies social and cultural theories to policy topics, including methodological approaches and empirical studies. Emphasizes linkage between theory and empirical research, and methods appropriate for social policy study. Policy topics may include poverty and inequality, family, education, crime and corruption, immigration, and health. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Enrollment limited to students in a Doctor of Philosophy degree.

Enrollment limited to students in the Schar School of Policy and Gov college.

Schedule Type: Seminar
PUBP 862: Institutional Analysis and Policy. 4 credits.
Policy analysts are increasingly cognizant of the influence of societal institutions in shaping public policy, not only in terms of policy design, but also as a determinant of implementation. This course reviews the growing literature regarding institutional analysis; furthermore, it considers the ways in which institutions help shape the policies that emerge within a given society and the context by which they are evaluated. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Enrollment limited to students in a Doctor of Philosophy degree.

Enrollment limited to students in the Schar School of Policy and Gov college.

Schedule Type: Seminar
PUBP 870: Organizational and Policy Aspects of Informatics. 1-4 credits.
Examines effects of informatics on national and international policy; setting international policy on informatics; ethical and social change in governments and organizations; shaping national policy in informatics; industry growth; and research methods from various scientific disciplines. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Enrollment limited to students in a Doctor of Philosophy degree.

Enrollment limited to students in the Schar School of Policy and Gov college.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 871: Organizational and Information Technology Challenges of the Knowledge Society. 4 credits.
Explores links of policy, managing organizations, and information technologies in postmodern era. Includes issues related to contradictions among conventional models of organizational and process design, policy and regulatory structures, ideologies, and information technologies. Provides framework for becoming a sophisticated analyst of policy, organizations, and information technology. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: PUBP 870.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Enrollment limited to students in a Doctor of Philosophy degree.

Enrollment limited to students in the Schar School of Policy and Gov college.

Schedule Type: Seminar
PUBP 872: Managing Knowledge-Based, Information-Intensive Organizations. 4 credits.
Deals with challenges of planning, creating, integrating, and managing contemporary information-technology enabled public and private sector organizations, and managing relationships between public and private enterprises enabled by information technology initiatives. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Enrollment limited to students in a Doctor of Philosophy degree.

Enrollment limited to students in the Schar School of Policy and Gov college.

Schedule Type: Seminar
PUBP 880: Global and International Public Policy I. 4 credits.
Explores multiple dimensions of globalization and internationalization relative to public policy processes and consequences. Offers substantive insight into contemporary public policy dynamics from global and comparative perspectives. Accordingly, it examines a broad range of international cultural, political, technological, and economic policy issues, and their interactions and implications at all levels of analysis. Engages relevant theoretical and methodological approaches and debates to provide tools for analyzing various world problems and policies. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Enrollment limited to students in a Doctor of Philosophy degree.

Enrollment limited to students in the Schar School of Policy and Gov college.

Schedule Type: Lecture
PUBP 881: International Trade Policy. 4 credits.
Addresses international trade theory, trade policy analysis, regional economic integration, and institutional arrangements governing world trade. Covers World Trade Organization (including constituent agreements in goods, services, intellectual property and trade-related investment measures), regional trade agreements such as NAFTA, dispute settlement regimes, and relations between trade and the environment. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Enrollment limited to students in a Doctor of Philosophy degree.

Enrollment limited to students in the Schar School of Policy and Gov college.

Schedule Type: Lecture

900 Level Courses

PUBP 997: Field Statement. 1 credit.
Requires work on field statement in preparation for field exam. Notes: Must register in semester during which field exam will be taken. Does not apply to credit degree requirements. Note: Restricted to public policy PhD students. Students must contact program coordinator for permission and CRN number to register via Patriot Web. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May not be repeated for credit.
Recommended Prerequisite: Permission of field committee chair.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment is limited to Graduate level students.

Enrollment limited to students in a Doctor of Philosophy degree.

Enrollment limited to students in the Schar School of Policy and Gov college.

Schedule Type: Independent Study
PUBP 998: Research/Proposal for Dissertation. 1-9 credits.
Requires work on research proposal that forms basis for doctoral dissertation. Notes: No more than 24 credits of PUBP 998 and 999 may be applied to doctoral degree requirements. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the degree.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students in a Doctor of Philosophy degree.

Schedule Type: Dissertation
PUBP 999: Dissertation. 1-9 credits.
Requires research on approved dissertation topic under director on dissertation committee. Notes: No more than 24 credits of PUBP 998 and 999 may be applied to doctoral degree requirements. Offered by Schar School of Policy & Govt. May be repeated within the degree.
Registration Restrictions:

Enrollment limited to students with a class of Advanced to Candidacy.

Enrollment limited to students in a Doctor of Philosophy degree.

Schedule Type: Dissertation